The Value of Democracy: Evidence from Road Building in Kenya
AbstractEthnic favoritism is seen as antithetical to development. This paper provides credible quantifi�cation of the extent of ethnic favoritism using data on road building in Kenyan districts across the 1963-2011 period. Guided by a model it then examines whether the transition in and out of democracy under the same president constrains or exacerbates ethnic favoritism. Across the 1963 to 2011 period, we fi�nd strong evidence of ethnic favoritism: districts that share the ethnicity of the president receive twice as much expenditure on roads and have four times the length of paved roads built. This favoritism disappears during periods of democracy.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE in its series STICERD - Economic Organisation and Public Policy Discussion Papers Series with number 45.
Date of creation: Aug 2013
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Web page: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/default.asp
Other versions of this item:
- Robin Burgess & Remi Jedwab & Edward Miguel & Ameet Morjaria & Gerard Padró i Miquel, 2013. "The Value of Democracy: Evidence from Road Building in Kenya," NBER Working Papers 19398, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Burgess, Robin & Jedwab, Remi & Miguel, Edward & Morjaria, Ameet & Padró i Miquel, Gerard, 2013. "The Value of Democracy: Evidence from Road Building in Kenya," CEPR Discussion Papers 9627, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
- L92 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Railroads and Other Surface Transportation
- O55 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
- R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2013-08-16 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEM-2013-08-16 (Demographic Economics)
- NEP-DEV-2013-08-16 (Development)
- NEP-HIS-2013-08-16 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
- NEP-POL-2013-08-16 (Positive Political Economics)
- NEP-SPO-2013-08-16 (Sports & Economics)
- NEP-TRE-2013-08-16 (Transport Economics)
- NEP-URE-2013-08-16 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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