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Social Exclusion and Children: A European view for a US debate

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  • John Micklewright

Abstract

The concept of social exclusion has been widely debated in Europe but its application to children has seen relatively little discussion. What could be meant by exclusion of children is the first main theme of the paper. Among other things, I consider the choice of reference group, the geographical dimension of exclusion, and the issue of who is responsible for any exclusion of children. The second main theme is the use of the concept of exclusion in the USA, where in contrast to Europe it has achieved little penetration to date. To assess whether there is fertile ground for discussion of social exclusion as it relates to children in the US, I discuss various features of US society and institutions including the measurement of poverty, analysis of children's living standards, state versus federal responsibilities, welfare reform and the emphasis on 'personal responsibility'.

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File URL: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/case/cp/CASEpaper51.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE in its series CASE Papers with number case51.

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Date of creation: Feb 2002
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Handle: RePEc:cep:sticas:case51

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Web page: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/case/_new/publications/default.asp

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Keywords: children; poverty; social exclusion;

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References

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  1. Mary Jo Bane & David T. Ellwood, 1986. "Slipping into and out of Poverty: The Dynamics of Spells," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(1), pages 1-23.
  2. John Micklewright & Kitty Stewart, 2000. "Child Well-Being in the EU and Enlargement to the East," Innocenti Working Papers inwopa00/4, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
  3. Nolan, Brian & Whelan, Christopher T., 1996. "Resources, Deprivation, and Poverty," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198287858, September.
  4. David T. Ellwood, 2000. "Anti-Poverty Policy for Families in the Next Century: From Welfare to Work--and Worries," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(1), pages 187-198, Winter.
  5. Micklewright, John & Stewart, Kitty, 1999. "Is the Well-Being of Children Converging in the European Union?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(459), pages F692-714, November.
  6. Karl Ashworth & Martha Hill & Robert Walker, 1994. "Patterns of childhood poverty: New challenges for policy," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(4), pages 658-680.
  7. Bradbury,Bruce & Jenkins,Stephen P. & Micklewright,John (ed.), 2001. "The Dynamics of Child Poverty in Industrialised Countries," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521803106, April.
  8. Bruce Bradbury & Markus Jantti, 1999. "Child Poverty across Industrialized Nations," Innocenti Occasional Papers, Economic Policy Series iopeps99/70, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
  9. Bruce Bradbury & Stephen P. Jenkins & John Micklewright, 2000. "Child Poverty Dynamics in Seven Nations," Innocenti Working Papers inwopa00/8, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
  10. UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2001. "A League Table of Child Deaths by Injury in Rich Nations," Innocenti Report Card inreca01/4, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
  11. Atkinson, Tony & Cantillon, Bea & Marlier, Eric & Nolan, Brian, 2002. "Social Indicators: The EU and Social Inclusion," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199253494, September.
  12. UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2002. "A League Table of Educational Disadvantage in Rich Nations," Innocenti Report Card inreca02/6, UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.
  13. Bradbury,Bruce & Jenkins,Stephen P. & Micklewright,John (ed.), 2001. "The Dynamics of Child Poverty in Industrialised Countries," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521004923, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Caterina Ruggeri Laderchi, Ruhi Saith and Frances Stewart, . "Does it matter that we don't agree on the definition of poverty? A comparison of four approaches," QEH Working Papers qehwps107, Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford.
  2. Kitty Stewart, 2002. "Measuring well-being and exclusion in Europe's regions," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6395, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  3. Harkness, Susan, 2004. "Social and Political Indicators of Human Well-being," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  4. Nolas, Sevasti-Melissa, 2011. "Reflections on the enactment of children's participation rights through research: Between transactional and relational spaces," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1196-1202, July.
  5. Stephen P. Jenkins & John Micklewright, 2007. "New Directions in the Analysis of Inequality and Poverty," Working Papers 71, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
  6. Sonja C. Kassenboehmer & Christoph M. Schmidt, 2010. "Beyond GDP and Back: What is the Value-added by Additional Components of Welfare Measurement?," Ruhr Economic Papers 0239, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  7. Micklewright, John, 2004. "Child Poverty in English-Speaking Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 1113, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. O'Connell, Michael & Sheikh, Hammad, 2008. "Achievement-related attitudes and the fate of "at-risk" groups in society," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 508-521, August.
  9. Haisken-DeNew, John P. & Sinning, Mathias, 2007. "Social Deprivation and Exclusion of Immigrants in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 3153, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Kitty Stewart, 2002. "Measuring Well-Being and Exclusion in Europes Regions," CASE Papers case53, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.

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