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Debt and Incomplete Financial Markets: A Case for Nominal GDP Targeting

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  • Kevin D. Sheedy

Abstract

Financial markets are incomplete, thus for many agents borrowing is possible only by accepting a financial contract that specifies a fixed repayment. However, the future income that will repay this debt is uncertain, so risk can be inefficiently distributed. This paper argues that a monetary policy of nominal GDP targeting can improve the functioning of incomplete financial markets when incomplete contracts are written in terms of money. By insulating agents' nominal incomes from aggregate real shocks, this policy effectively completes the market by stabilizing the ratio of debt to income. The paper argues that the objective of nominal GDP should receive substantial weight even in an environment with other frictions that have been used to justify a policy of strict inflation targeting.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Economic Performance, LSE in its series CEP Discussion Papers with number dp1209.

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Date of creation: May 2013
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Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp1209

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Web page: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/series.asp?prog=CEP

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Keywords: incomplete markets; heterogeneous agents; risk sharing; nominal GDP targeting;

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Cited by:
  1. Carlos Garriga & Finn E. Kydland & Roman Šustek, 2013. "Mortgages and Monetary Policy," Discussion Papers 1306, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).
  2. Jae Won Lee, 2014. "Monetary Policy with Heterogeneous Households and Imperfect Risk-Sharing," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 17(3), pages 505-522, July.
  3. Evan F. Koenig, 2013. "Like a Good Neighbor: Monetary Policy, Financial Stability, and the Distribution of Risk," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 9(2), pages 57-82, June.
  4. Thorsten Beck & Andrea Colciago & Damjan Pfajfar, 2014. "The role of financial intermediaries in monetary policy transmission," DNB Working Papers 420, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.

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