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China's Pure Exporter Subsidies

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  • Fabrice Defever
  • Alejandro Riaño

Abstract

One third of Chinese exporters sell more than ninety percent of their production abroad. We argue that this distinctive pattern is attributable to a wide range of subsidies that provide incentives to these "pure exporters". We propose a heterogeneous firm model in which firms exporting all their output receive an ad-valorem sales subsidy. Using microdata on manufacturing firms matched with custom transactions for the years 2000-2006, we measure sizable differences in productivity and paid taxes between pure exporters and domestic firms and between pure and regular exporters, in line with the predictions of our model. Embedding a pure-exporter subsidy in a two-country general equilibrium environment, we show that this instrument is worse from a welfare standpoint than a standard export subsidy, partly because it increases protection of the domestic market. A counterfactual analysis suggests that eliminating these subsidies would result in a welfare gain for China comparable to halving its trade costs.

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Paper provided by Centre for Economic Performance, LSE in its series CEP Discussion Papers with number dp1182.

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Date of creation: Dec 2012
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Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp1182

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Web page: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/series.asp?prog=CEP

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Keywords: Trade policy; export subsidies; heterogeneous firms; China;

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Cited by:
  1. Theresa M. Greaney & Yao Li, 2013. "Trade, Foreign Direct Investment and Wage Inequality in China: A Heterogeneous Firms Approach," Working Papers 201306, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
  2. Julien Gourdon & Stéphanie Monjon & Sandra Poncet, 2014. "Incomplete VAT rebates to exporters : how do they affect China's export performance?," Working Papers 2014-05, CEPII research center.
  3. Natasha Agarwal & Chris Milner & Alejandro Riaño, 2013. "Credit Constraints and FDI Spillovers in China," CESifo Working Paper Series 4313, CESifo Group Munich.

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