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A Cross-Country Comparison of the Determinants of Vocational Training

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  • Steven McIntosh

Abstract

Using data from the European Labour Force Survey, the characteristics of individuals who receive vocational training is compared in six European countries; Germany, France, the Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden and the UK. As well as the incidence of training, the intensity is also considered. In addition, training is split into its on-the-job and off-the-job components. The spectrum of training within these six countries runs from Germany at one end, where most training is the intensive upskilling of young, unqualified workers, to Sweden at the other end, where the typical training spell is of short duration and is given to middle-aged, well-educated employees in professional jobs. Thus the pattern of training is largely determined by a country's system of education. In Germany, vocational skills are not taught within the formal education sector, and are learned through participation on an apprenticeship scheme, while in Sweden, students do learn vocational skills at school, and so the workplace training we observe is mainly 'top-up' courses.

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Paper provided by Centre for Economic Performance, LSE in its series CEP Discussion Papers with number dp0432.

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Date of creation: Aug 1999
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Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp0432

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Web page: http://cep.lse.ac.uk/_new/publications/series.asp?prog=CEP

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References

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  1. Stephen V. Cameron & James J. Heckman, 1993. "Determinants of Young Male Schooling and Training Choices," NBER Working Papers 4327, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Booth, Alison L, 1991. "Job-Related Formal Training: Who Receives It and What Is It Worth?," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 53(3), pages 281-94, August.
  3. Mark A. Loewenstein & James R. Spletzer, 1997. "Delayed formal on-the-job training," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 51(1), pages 82-99, October.
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  6. Greenhalgh, Christine & Stewart, Mark, 1987. "The Effects and Determinants of Training," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 49(2), pages 171-90, May.
  7. Joseph G. Altonji & James R. Spletzer, 1991. "Worker characteristics, job characteristics, and the receipt of on-the-job training," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 45(1), pages 58-79, October.
  8. F. Green & Stephen Machin & D. Wilkinson, 1996. "Trade unions and training practices in British workplaces," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 20684, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  9. Barron, John M & Fuess, Scott M, Jr & Loewenstein, Mark A, 1987. "Further Analysis of the Effect of Unions on Training [Union Wages, Temporary Layoffs, and Seniority]," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 95(3), pages 632-40, June.
  10. Arulampalam, Wiji & Booth, Alison L., 1996. "Who gets over the training hurdle? a study of the training experiences of young men and women in Britain," ISER Working Paper Series 96-04, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
  11. Harley Frazis & Maury Gittleman & Mary Joyce, 2000. "Correlates of training: An analysis using both employer and employee characteristics," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 53(3), pages 443-462, April.
  12. Greenhalgh, C. & Mavrotas, G., 1992. "The Role of Career Aspirations and Financial Constraints in Individual Access to Vocational Training," Economics Series Working Papers 99136, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  13. Lynch, Lisa M, 1992. "Private-Sector Training and the Earnings of Young Workers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 299-312, March.
  14. Booth, Alison L & Satchell, Stephen E, 1994. "Apprenticeships and Job Tenure," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 46(4), pages 676-95, October.
  15. Booth, Alison L, 1993. "Private Sector Training and Graduate Earnings," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(1), pages 164-70, February.
  16. Greenhalgh, Christine, 1999. "Adult Vocational Training and Government Policy in France and Britain," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 15(1), pages 97-113, Spring.
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Cited by:
  1. Wallette, Mårten, 2005. "Temporary Jobs and On-the-Job Training in Sweden - A Negative Nexus?," Working Papers 2005:13, Lund University, Department of Economics.
  2. Almeida-Santos, Filipe & Mumford, Karen A., 2004. "Employee Training and Wage Compression in Britain," IZA Discussion Papers 1197, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. John Van Reenen, 2000. "Who gains when workers train? Training and corporate productivity in a panel of British industries," IFS Working Papers W00/04, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  4. Carlos Peraita, 2001. "Firm Sponsored Training In Regulated Labor Markets: Evidence From Spain," Working Papers. Serie EC 2001-15, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  5. Jan Sauermann, 2006. "Who Invests in Training if Contracts are Temporary? - Empirical Evidence for Germany Using Selection Correction," IWH Discussion Papers 14, Halle Institute for Economic Research.
  6. Giorgio Brunello & Maria De Paola, 2004. "Market Failures and the Under-Provision of Training," CESifo Working Paper Series 1286, CESifo Group Munich.
  7. Carlos Peraita, 2005. "Firm-sponsored training in regulated labour markets: evidence from Spain," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(16), pages 1885-1898.

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