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La existencia de correlación negativa entre distintos aspectos de la complejidad de los idiomas


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  • Germán Coloma


Este trabajo propone un procedimiento para evaluar la posible existencia de correlación negativa entre complejidad fonológica, morfológica y sintáctica de diferentes idiomas. El procedimiento se basa en el uso de coeficientes de correlación parcial, variables instrumentales y sistemas de ecuaciones simultáneas, y se lleva a cabo sobre datos tomados de la fábula “El viento norte y el sol”, traducida a 40 idiomas distintos. La complejidad fonológica se mide por el número de fonemas por sílaba, la complejidad morfológica por el número de sílabas por palabra, y la complejidad sintáctica por el número de palabras por frase. Luego de controlar por fenómenos relacionados con factores geográficos y endogeneidad estadística, se llega a la conclusión de que la complejidad fonológica está negativamente correlacionada con la complejidad morfológica, y que esta, a su vez, está negativamente correlacionada con la complejidad sintáctica. Estos resultados pueden relacionarse con la llamada “ley de Menzerath”.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad del CEMA in its series CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. with number 536.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:536

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Keywords: correlación parcial; variables instrumentales; ecuaciones simultáneas; complejidad lingüística; ley de Menzerath.;

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