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LA LIBERTAD, EL LIBRE ALBEDRÍO Y EL ENFOQUE DE LAS CAPACIDADES: el desarrollo humano como libertad

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  • Luisa Montuschi

Abstract

El enfoque de las capacidades propuesto por Amartya Sen para la consideración de las cuestiones referidas al desarrollo económico y a la pobreza, así como lo concerniente al bienestar de las personas, se basa en dos conceptos o ideas esenciales indisolubles: la de libertad y la de funcionamientos, que algunos definen como los “seres y quehaceres (o acciones)” valiosos que constituyen los fines de la vida humana. De acuerdo con este enfoque el desarrollo debe ser evaluado en términos de “la expansión de las ‘capacidades’ de la gente para llevar el tipo de vida que valoran y que tienen razones para valorar”. En los Informes de Desarrollo Humano del PNUD se han operacionalizado algunos aspectos relativos a la consideración de las capacidades como indicadores del desarrollo. Sin embargo, existen dudas fundadas relativas a la existencia de libre albedrío. Ha habido una prolongada controversia respecto de si el cerebro humano toma decisiones con anticipación antes de que el agente de manera consciente decida iniciar una acción. Eso arroja dudas ciertas respecto del libre albedrío. Y sin libre albedrío no podría existir la libertad.

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File URL: http://www.ucema.edu.ar/publicaciones/download/documentos/372.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Universidad del CEMA in its series CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. with number 372.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: May 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cem:doctra:372

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