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Discriminación salarial en el mercado de trabajo español con especial referencia al caso de Andalucía

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El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar cuáles son los factores que contribuyen a explicar las diferencias salariales entre hombres y mujeres en España y en Andalucía como caso particular. Para ello, se utiliza una variante al Método de Descomposición Salarial de Blinder-Oaxaca, en el cual se tiene en cuenta la censura de los datos salariales utilizados y se estiman ecuaciones de salarios suponiendo que la varianza no es constante sino dependiente de distintas características individuales. Utilizando estas técnicas y datos administrativos procedentes de un fichero de la Seguridad Social, los resultados indican que aproximadamente un 83% de las diferencias salariales medias, 17.3 puntos porcentuales, pueden ser consecuencia de la discriminación. Además, la cualificación requerida para un trabajo parece ser una fuente muy importante para explicar las diferencias salariales discriminatorias. Con respecto a Andalucía, encontramos evidencia de una menor discriminación salarial, en torno al 72.5% de los 17.7 puntos porcentuales observados en las diferencias salariales.

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Paper provided by Centro de Estudios Andaluces in its series Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces with number E2006/18.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cea:doctra:e2006_18

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Keywords: discriminación Salarial; descomposición Oaxaca-Blinder; modelos censurados; Andalucía.;

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  1. Juan Ramón García, . "La desigualdad salarial en España. Efectos de un diseño muestral complejo," Working Papers 2003-26, FEDEA.
  2. David Neumark, 1987. "Employers' discriminatory behavior and the estimation of wage discrimination," Special Studies Papers, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) 227, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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  14. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
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