The Positive Utility of the Commute: Modeling Ideal Commute Time and Relative Desired Commute Amount
AbstractTwo measures of commute time preferences â€“ Ideal Commute Time and Relative Desired Commute amount (a variable indicating the desire to commute â€œmuch lessâ€ to â€œmuch moreâ€ than currently) â€“ are modeled, using tobit and ordered probit, respectively. Ideal Commute Time was found to be positively related to Actual Commute Time and to a liking and utility for commuting, and negatively related to commute frequency and to a family/community-oriented lifestyle. Relative Desired Commute, on the other hand, was negatively related to amounts of actual commute and work-related travel, but positively related to travel liking and a measure of commute benefit. Overall, commute time is not unequivocally a source of disutility to be minimized but rather offers some benefits (such as a transition between home and work). Most people have a non-zero optimum commute time, which can be violated in either direction â€“ i.e. it is possible (although comparatively rare, occurring for only 7% of the sample) to commute too little. On the other hand, a large proportion of people (52% of the sample) are commuting longer than they would like, and hence would presumably be receptive to reducing (although usually not eliminating) that commute.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of California Transportation Center in its series University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers with number qt4mc291p2.
Date of creation: 01 Jan 2001
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commuting; ordered probit; tobit; travel behavior; Social and Behavioral Sciences;
Other versions of this item:
- Lothlorien Redmond & Patricia Mokhtarian, 2001. "The positive utility of the commute: modeling ideal commute time and relative desired commute amount," Transportation, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 179-205, May.
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