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Commuting Distance Sensitivity by Race and Socio-Economic Status

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  • Clark, William A.V.
  • Huang, Youqin
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    Abstract

    Previous research has shown that households are sensitive to commuting distance. A model of the responses to work-residence separation showed that the probability of moving closer to the job was a function of increasing distance from the work place. In particular, households beyond a threshold distance moved closer to the job when they changed residence. The question which is central in this paper is how race affects the probability of moving closer to the job when households change residence. Using a specialized data set the research shows that the commuting behaviors of relatively affluent minority and white households are consistent with the overall hypothesis that households minimize their commuting distance whenever possible. Thus, when we hold socio-economic status constant, there are negligible differences int he responses of white and minority households. Both household types are likely to move closer to their work locations with greater distances from the work location.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by University of California Transportation Center in its series University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers with number qt2mj603px.

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    Date of creation: 01 May 2002
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    Handle: RePEc:cdl:uctcwp:qt2mj603px

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    Keywords: Social and Behavioral Sciences;

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    1. Clark, William A.V. & Huang, Youqin & Withers, Suzanne, 2002. "Does commuting distance matter? Commuting tolerance and residential change," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers, University of California Transportation Center qt3999v33k, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Crane, Randall, 1996. "The Influence of Uncertain Job Location on Urban Form and the Journey to Work," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 342-356, May.
    3. Linneman, Peter & Graves, Philip E., 1983. "Migration and job change: A multinomial logit approach," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 263-279, November.
    4. Zax, Jeffrey S. & Kain, John F., 1991. "Commutes, quits, and moves," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 153-165, March.
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