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Morning Commute in a Single-Entry Traffic Corridor with No Late Arrivals

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Author Info

  • DePalma, Elijah
  • Arnott, Richard

Abstract

This paper analyzes a model of early morning traffic congestion, that is a special case of the model considered in Newell (1988). A fixed number of identical vehicles travel along a single-lane road of constant width from a common origin to a common destination, with LWR flow congestion and Greenshields’ Relation. Vehicles have a common work start time, late arrivals are not permitted, and trip cost is linear in travel time and time early. The paper explores traffic dynamics for the Social Optimum, in which total trip cost is minimized, and for the User Optimum, in which no vehicle’s trip cost can be reduced by altering its departure time. Analytical and, when possible, closed-form solutions are presented, along with numerical examples.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of California Transportation Center in its series University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers with number qt1h2604ft.

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Date of creation: 04 Feb 2011
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Handle: RePEc:cdl:uctcwp:qt1h2604ft

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Related research

Keywords: Physical Sciences and Mathematics; corridor; morning commute; social optimum; user optimum;

References

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  1. Richard Arnott & Andre de Palma & Robin Lindsey, 1985. "Economics of a Bottleneck," Working Papers 636, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  2. Arnott, Richard & DePalma, Elijah, 2011. "The corridor problem: Preliminary results on the no-toll equilibrium," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(5), pages 743-768, June.
  3. Small, Kenneth A, 1982. "The Scheduling of Consumer Activities: Work Trips," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 467-79, June.
  4. Vickrey, William S, 1969. "Congestion Theory and Transport Investment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(2), pages 251-60, May.
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Cited by:
  1. Arnott, Richard & DePalma, Elijah, 2011. "The corridor problem: Preliminary results on the no-toll equilibrium," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(5), pages 743-768, June.
  2. De Lara, Michel & de Palma, André & Kilani, Moez & Piperno, Serge, 2013. "Congestion pricing and long term urban form: Application to Paris region," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 282-295.

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