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NoVaS Transformations: Flexible Inference for Volatility Forecasting

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  • Politis, Dimitris N
  • Thomakos, Dimitrios D
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    Abstract

    In this paper we present several new ¯ndings on the NoVaS transformation approach for volatility forecasting introduced by Politis (2003a,b, 2007). In particular: (a) we present a new method for accurate volatility forecasting using NoVaS ; (b) we introduce a \time- varying" version of NoVaS and show that the NoVaS methodology is applicable in situations where (global) stationarity for returns fails such as the cases of local stationarity and/or structural breaks and/or model uncertainty; (c) we conduct an extensive simulation study on the forecasting ability of the NoVaS approach under a variety of realistic data generating processes (DGP); and (d) we illustrate the forecasting ability of NoVaS on a number of real datasets and compare it to realized and range-based volatility measures. Our empirical results show that the NoVaS -based forecasts lead to a much `tighter' distribution of the forecasting performance measure. Perhaps our most remarkable ¯nding is the robustness of the NoVaS forecasts in the context of structural breaks and/or other non-stationarities of the underlying data. Also striking is that forecasts based on NoVaS invariably outperform those based on the benchmark GARCH(1,1) even when the true DGP is GARCH(1,1) when the sample size is moderately large, e.g. 350 daily observations.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Department of Economics, UC San Diego in its series University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series with number qt982208kx.

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    Date of creation: 08 Apr 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:cdl:ucsdec:qt982208kx

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    Related research

    Keywords: ARCH; forecasting; GARCH; local stationarity; robustness; structural breaks; volatility;

    References

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    1. Francq, Christian & ZakoI¨an, Jean-Michel, 2005. "The L2-structures of standard and switching-regime GARCH models," Stochastic Processes and their Applications, Elsevier, vol. 115(9), pages 1557-1582, September.
    2. Hansen, Peter Reinhard & Lunde, Asger, 2006. "Consistent ranking of volatility models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 131(1-2), pages 97-121.
    3. Hillebrand, Eric, 2005. "Neglecting parameter changes in GARCH models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 129(1-2), pages 121-138.
    4. Liang Peng, 2003. "Least absolute deviations estimation for ARCH and GARCH models," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 90(4), pages 967-975, December.
    5. Asger Lunde & Peter Reinhard Hansen, 2001. "A Forecast Comparison of Volatility Models: Does Anything Beat a GARCH(1,1)?," Working Papers 2001-04, Brown University, Department of Economics.
    6. Parkinson, Michael, 1980. "The Extreme Value Method for Estimating the Variance of the Rate of Return," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 53(1), pages 61-65, January.
    7. Torben G. Andersen & Tim Bollerslev & Nour Meddahi, 2004. "Analytical Evaluation Of Volatility Forecasts," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 45(4), pages 1079-1110, November.
    8. Diebold, Francis X & Mariano, Roberto S, 1995. "Comparing Predictive Accuracy," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(3), pages 253-63, July.
    9. Lars Forsberg & Eric Ghysels, 2007. "Why Do Absolute Returns Predict Volatility So Well?," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 5(1), pages 31-67.
    10. Ser-Huang Poon & Clive W.J. Granger, 2003. "Forecasting Volatility in Financial Markets: A Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 41(2), pages 478-539, June.
    11. Piotr Fryzlewicz & Theofanis Sapatinas & Suhasini Subba Rao, 2006. "A Haar--Fisz technique for locally stationary volatility estimation," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 93(3), pages 687-704, September.
    12. MEDDAHI, Nour, 2001. "An Eigenfunction Approach for Volatility Modeling," Cahiers de recherche 2001-29, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
    13. Dimitris N. Politis, 2004. "A Heavy-Tailed Distribution for ARCH Residuals with Application to Volatility Prediction," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 5(2), pages 283-298, November.
    14. Peter Hall & Qiwei Yao, 2003. "Inference in Arch and Garch Models with Heavy--Tailed Errors," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 285-317, January.
    15. Politis, Dimitris N., 2003. "Model-Free Volatility Prediction," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt0648834b, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
    16. Politis, Dimitris N., 2004. "A heavy-tailed distribution for ARCH residuals with application to volatility prediction," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt7r89639x, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
    17. Hansen, Bruce E., 2006. "Interval forecasts and parameter uncertainty," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 135(1-2), pages 377-398.
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