Do Initial Endowments Matter Only Initially? The Persistent Effect of Birth Weight on School Achievement
AbstractThis paper investigates the causal relationship between birth weight and school achievement among children in grades 1 through 8. We find that birth weight significantly affects performance on both math and language test scores in school. Children with higher birth weight do better - a 10% increase in birth weight improves performance in math by nearly 0.05 standard deviations in 1st grade. Children who are born at a weight less than 1500 grams (very low birth weight) have scores in math that are 0.15 standard deviations less in 1st grade. We exploit repeated observations on children to show that birth weight has a persistent effect that does not deteriorate as children advance through grades (upto 8th grade). Children with greater birth weight are also less likely to have ever repeated a grade. The causal link is identified by using a twins estimator - we collected birth weight and basic demographic data on all twins born in Chile between 1992-2000 and match these twin pairs to administrative school records between 2002-2008. There are no differences in school attendance by birth weight, suggesting that missing school perhaps due to health problems is likely not a channel via which test score differentials arise.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Department of Economics, UC San Diego in its series University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series with number qt4536p0hd.
Date of creation: 16 Sep 2010
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0508
Phone: (858) 534-3383
Fax: (858) 534-7040
Web page: http://www.escholarship.org/repec/ucsdecon/
More information through EDIRC
school achievement; birth weight; Other Economics;
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Bejenariu, Simona & Mitrut, Andreea, 2012.
"Austerity Measures and Infant Health. Lessons from an Unexpected Wage Cut Policy,"
Working Paper Series
2012:4, Uppsala University, Department of Economics, revised 10 Oct 2013.
- Bejenariu, Simona & Mitrut, Andreea, 2013. "Austerity Measures and Infant Health. Lessons from an Unexpected Wage Cut Policy," Working Papers in Economics 574, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
- Bejenariu, Simona & Mitrut, Andreea, 2012. "Austerity Measures and Infant Health. Lessons from an Unexpected Wage Cut Policy," Working Paper Series, Center for Labor Studies 2012:5, Uppsala University, Department of Economics, revised 10 Oct 2013.
- Mark E. McGovern, 2012.
"Still Unequal At Birth: Birth Weight, Socioeconomic Status,And Outcomes at Age 9,"
PGDA Working Papers
9512, Program on the Global Demography of Aging.
- Mark E. Mcgovern, 2013. "Still Unequal at Birth: Birth Weight,Socio-economic Status and Outcomes at Age 9," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 44(1), pages 53â84.
- Mark E McGovern, 2011. "Still Unequal at Birth - Birth Weight, Socioeconomic Status and Outcomes at Age 9," Working Papers 201125, School Of Economics, University College Dublin.
- Mark E. McGovern, 2012. "Still unequal at birth: birth weight, socioeconomic status and outcomes at age 9," Working Papers 201222, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
- Tom S. Vogl, 2012. "Education and Health in Developing Economies," Working Papers vogl_ed_health_review.pdf, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Research Program in Development Studies..
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Lisa Schiff).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.