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Federalism and Economic Development in India: An Assessment

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  • Singh, Nirvikar
  • SRINIVASAN, T N

Abstract

This paper examines India’s federal system in the context of prospects for India’s future economic growth and development. After a brief review of India’s recent policy reforms and economic development outcomes, and of the country’s federal institutions, the analysis focuses on the major issues with respect to India’s federal system in terms of their developmental consequences. We examine the impacts of tax assignments, expenditure authority and the intergovernmental transfer system on the following aspects of India’s economy and economic performance: the quality of governance and government expenditure, the efficiency of the tax system, the fiscal health of different tiers of government, and the impacts on growth and on regional inequality. In each case, we discuss recent and possible policy reforms. We make comparisons with China’s federal system where this is instructive for analyzing the Indian case. Finally, we provide a discussion of potential reforms of aspects of India’s federal institutions.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz in its series Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series with number qt2qs4h3t9.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 2006
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Handle: RePEc:cdl:ucscec:qt2qs4h3t9

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  1. Singh, Nirvikar, 2007. "Fiscal Decentralization in China and India: Competitive, Cooperative or Market Preserving Federalism?," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 1705, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian, 2005. "From "Hindu Growth" to Productivity Surge: The Mystery of the Indian Growth Transition," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 52(2), pages 193-228, September.
  3. Brennan,Geoffrey & Buchanan,James M., 2006. "The Power to Tax," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521027922.
  4. Rao, M. Govinda & Singh, Nirvikar, 2006. "The Political Economy of India’s Fiscal Federal System and its Reform," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 1279, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. M. Govinda Rao & Rao, R. Kavita, 2005. "Trends and issues in tax policy and reform in India," Working Papers, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy tru1, National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
  6. Charles M. Tiebout, 1956. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64, pages 416.
  7. Roy Bahl & Jorge Martinez-Vazquez, 2003. "Fiscal Federalism and Economic Reform in China," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University paper0313, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
  8. Singh, Nirvikar, 2006. "Services-led industrialization in India: Assessment and lessons," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 1276, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Galeotti, Gianluigi & Breton, Albert, 1986. "An Economic Theory of Political Parties," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 39(1), pages 47-65.
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Cited by:
  1. Singh, Nirvikar, 2007. "The Dynamics of Reform of India’s Federal System," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz qt9gh5p65t, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
  2. Weingast, Barry R., 2009. "Second generation fiscal federalism: The implications of fiscal incentives," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 65(3), pages 279-293, May.
  3. Singh, Nirvikar, 2007. "The Dynamics of Reform of India’s Federal System," MPRA Paper, University Library of Munich, Germany 2282, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Singh, Nirvikar, 2006. "Services-Led Industrialization in India: Assessment and Lessons," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz qt8jn2b8z6, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.

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