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Entrepreneurship, Economic Conditions, and the Great Recession

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  • Fairlie, Rob

Abstract

The “Great Recession†resulted in many business closings and foreclosures, but what effect did ithave on business formation? On the one hand, recessions decrease potential business income andwealth, but on the other hand they restrict opportunities in the wage/salary sector leaving the neteffect on entrepreneurship ambiguous. The most up-to-date microdata available -- the 1996 to2009 Current Population Survey (CPS) -- are used to conduct a detailed analysis of thedeterminants of entrepreneurship at the individual level to shed light on this question. Regressionestimates indicate that local labor market conditions are a major determinant of entrepreneurship.Higher local unemployment rates are found to increase the probability that individuals startbusinesses. Home ownership and local home values for home owners are also found to havepositive effects on business creation, but these effects are noticeably smaller. Additionalregression estimates indicate that individuals who are initially not employed respond more to highlocal unemployment rates by starting businesses than wage/salary workers. The results point to aconsistent picture – the positive influences of slack labor markets outweigh the negativeinfluences resulting in higher levels of business creation. Using the regression estimates for thelocal unemployment rate effects, I find that the predicted trend in entrepreneurship rates tracksthe actual upward trend in entrepreneurship extremely well in the Great Recession.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz in its series Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series with number qt0x3809sf.

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Date of creation: 06 May 2011
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Handle: RePEc:cdl:ucscec:qt0x3809sf

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Keywords: Social and Behavioral Sciences; Entrepreneurship; Great Recession; Unemployment; Self-Employment;

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Cited by:
  1. Gohmann, Stephan F. & Fernandez, Jose M., 2014. "Proprietorship and unemployment in the United States," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 289-309.
  2. Robert W. Fairlie & Dean Karlan & Jonathan Zinman, 2012. "Behind the GATE Experiment: Evidence on Effects of and Rationales for Subsidized Entrepreneurship Training," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 17804, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Manuel Adelino & Song Ma & David T. Robinson, 2014. "Firm Age, Investment Opportunities, and Job Creation," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 19845, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Francine Lafontaine & Kathryn Shaw, 2014. "Serial Entrepreneurship: Learning by Doing?," NBER Working Papers, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc 20312, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Yu, Li & Orazem, Peter & Jolly, Robert W., 2013. "Entrepreneurship Over The Business Cycle," Staff General Research Papers, Iowa State University, Department of Economics 36672, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  6. Fritsch, Michael & Kritikos, Alexander S. & Pijnenburg, Katharina, 2013. "Business Cycles, Unemployment and Entrepreneurial Entry: Evidence from Germany," IZA Discussion Papers, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) 7852, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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