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Throttle And Brake Control Systems For Automatic Vehicle Following

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Author Info

  • Ioannou, P.
  • Xu, Z.
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    Abstract

    In this paper, the authors present several throttle and brake control systems for automatic vehicle following. These control systems are designed and tested using a validated nonlinear vehicle model first and then actual vehicles. Each vehicle to be controlled is assumed to be equipped with sensors that, in addition to its own vehicle characteristics, provide measurements of the relative distance and relative speed between itself and the vehicle in front. Vehicle-to- vehicle communication required for the stability of the dynamics of a platoon of vehicles with desired constant intervehicle spacing is avoided. Instead, stability is guaranteed by using a constant time headway policy and designing the control system for the throttle and brake appropriately. The proposed control systems guarantee smooth vehicle following even when the leading vehicle exhibits erratic speed behavior.

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    File URL: http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/1vb6380h.pdf;origin=repeccitec
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley in its series Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings with number qt1vb6380h.

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    Date of creation: 01 Jan 1994
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:cdl:itsrrp:qt1vb6380h

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    Related research

    Keywords: Motor vehicles--Brakes; Motor vehicles--Motors; Motor vehicles--Automatic control;

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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Yanakiev, Diana & Eyre, Jennifer & Kanellakopoulos, Ioannis, 1998. "Longitudinal Control Of Heavy Duty Vehicles: Experimental Evaluation," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt86g348m8, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    2. Broucke, M. & Varaiya, P., 1995. "A Theory Of Traffic Flow In Automated Highway Systems," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt4h41g68m, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    3. Xu, Z., 1995. "A Dynamic Visualization Environment For The Design And Evaluation Of Automatic Vehicle Control Systems," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt5xj5q73q, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    4. Vahidi, Ardalan & Stefanopoulou, Anna G. & Farias, Phil & Tsao, Tsu Chin, 2003. "Experimental Verification of Discretely Variable Compression Braking Control for Heavy Duty Vehicles," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt70s2k62x, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    5. Raza, H. & Ioannou, P., 1996. "Vehicle Control Design For Infrastructure Managed Vehicle Following," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt8sd4665d, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    6. Yanakiev, Diana & Kanellakopoulos, Ioannis, 1995. "Analysis, Design, And Evaluation Of AVCS For Heavy-duty Vehicles: Phase 1 Report," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt2pw3920z, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    7. Yanakiev, Diana & Kanellakopoulos, Ioannis, 1996. "Analysis, Design And Evaluation Of Avcs For Heavy-duty Vehicles," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt62z7k6rw, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    8. Vahidi, Ardalan & Stefanopoulou, Anna G. & Wang, Xiaoyong & Tsao, Tsu Chin, 2004. "Experimental Verifi cation of Discretely Variable Compression Braking Control for Heavy Duty Vehicles: Final Report," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt7696q3xn, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    9. Ioannou, Petros & Stefanovic, Margareta, 2003. "Evaluation of the ACC Vehicles in Mixed Traffic: Lane Change Effects and Sensitivity Analysis," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt6cz425r5, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.
    10. Yanakiev, Diana & Eyre, Jennifer & Kanellakopoulos, Ioannis, 1998. "Analysis, Design, And Evaluation Of Avcs For Heavy-duty Vehicles With Actuator Delays," Institute of Transportation Studies, Research Reports, Working Papers, Proceedings qt931877r2, Institute of Transportation Studies, UC Berkeley.

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