Civic Forum, Public against Violence, and the Struggle for Slovakia
AbstractStandard narratives of 1989 in Czechoslovakia maintain that the revolution brought two civic associations into being: the â€œCzechâ€ Civic Forum (OF) and the â€œSlovakâ€ Public against Violence (VPN). Thorough examination of relevant archival and newspaper evidence, however, demonstrates that this belief is mistaken; in the beginning, Slovaks were just as likely to found chapters of Civic Forum as they were to establish branches of Public against Violence. This article documents this initial situation and explains how Public against Violence came to achieve hegemony over the Slovak civic movement. The author argues that this achievement was the result of a struggle between activists in Bratislava and their colleagues elsewhere in Slovakia, where the prize was the power to represent Slovakia. Ultimately, it was a struggle over rival visions of the proper political organization of Slovakia, with crucial implications for the future of Slovakia within the Czecho-Slovak federation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Institute of Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies, UC Berkeley in its series Program in Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies, Working Paper Series with number qt410258c8.
Date of creation: 01 May 2009
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Slovakia; Czechoslovakia; Civic Forum; post-communist; Eastern Europe;
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