Presidential elections and the manipulation of exam success rate in Sub-Saharan Africa
AbstractThis paper investigates whether the exam success rate in Africa increases significantly in the months prior to the occurrence of the presidential elections. It hypothesizes that the incumbent is tempted to increase the exam success rate to retain a form of social cohesion and to ‘buy’ votes. A sample of 15 francophone African countries observed from 1990 to 2009 yields three findings. First, post-exam presidential elections significantly increase the exam success rate by six percentage points. Second, the manipulation of the exam success rate is positively correlated with the re-election of the incumbent. Third, these results do not hold when elections occur before the exam dates or when the incumbent or a member of his/her party do not run for the presidential seat.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 201114.
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Sub-Saharan Africa; Exam success rate; Presidential elections;
Other versions of this item:
- Christian Ebeke & Mireille Ntsama Etoundi, 2011. "Presidential elections and the manipulation of exam success rate in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers halshs-00597521, HAL.
- O15 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
- I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
- D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AFR-2011-06-11 (Africa)
- NEP-ALL-2011-06-11 (All new papers)
- NEP-CDM-2011-06-11 (Collective Decision-Making)
- NEP-POL-2011-06-11 (Positive Political Economics)
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