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How Does Real Exchange Rate Influence Income Inequality Between Urban And Rural Areas In China?

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Author Info

  • Sylviane GUILLAUMONT JEANNENEY

    ()
    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International)

  • Ping HUA

    ()
    (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

The channels through which the real exchange rate influences urban/rural per capita real income inequality are analyzed using yearly data for 28 Chinese provinces. Due to the higher share of tradable goods produced in urban than rural areas, the real depreciation of the Chinese currency raised the urban bias, contrary to the effect usually expected. This rise was, however, mitigated because of the impact of the exchange rate on the urban/rural consumer price ratio, real public wages, and the ratio of industrial/agricultural protection rates. It disappeared for coastal provinces due to the strong development of outward-oriented rural industrial activities.

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File URL: http://publi.cerdi.org/ed/1999/1999.21.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 199921.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: 1999
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:120

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Keywords: China; income inequality; real exchange rate;

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References

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  1. Hare, Denise & West, Loraine A., 1999. "Spatial Patterns in China's Rural Industrial Growth and Prospects for the Alleviation of Regional Income Inequality," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 475-497, September.
  2. Knight, J B, 1976. "Devaluation and Income Distribution in Less-Developed Economies," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 28(2), pages 208-27, July.
  3. McMillan, John & Whalley, John & Zhu, Lijing, 1989. "The Impact of China's Economic Reforms on Agricultural Productivity Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 781-807, August.
  4. D Gale Johnson, 1996. "China's Rural and Agricultural Reforms: Successes and Failures," Chinese Economies Research Centre (CERC) Working Papers 1996-12, University of Adelaide, Chinese Economies Research Centre.
  5. Minot, Nicholas W, 1998. "Distributional and Nutritional Impact of Devaluation in Rwanda," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 46(2), pages 379-402, January.
  6. Li, Huagang, 1999. "State factories in transition--openness, competition, and productivity," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 429-462, April.
  7. Patrick Guillaumont, 1993. "Politique d'ajustement et développement agricole," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 216(1), pages 20-29.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Roberto �lvarez & Ricardo A. López, 2009. "Skill Upgrading and the Real Exchange Rate," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(8), pages 1165-1179, 08.
  2. Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney & Ping Hua, 2002. "L'effet Balassa-Samuelson et les différences d'inflation entre les provinces chinoises," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 16(3), pages 33-60.
  3. Jinzhao Chen, 2012. "Real Exchange Rate and Economic Growth: Evidence from Chinese Provincial Data (1992 - 2008)," PSE Working Papers halshs-00667467, HAL.
  4. Emilie CALDEIRA, 2010. "Yardstick competition in a Federation: Theory and Evidence from China," Working Papers 201018, CERDI.
  5. Guerineau, Samuel & Guillamont Jeanneney, Sylviane, 2005. "Deflation in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 336-363.
  6. Sylviane Guillaumont Jeanneney & Ping Hua, 2011. "Appreciation of the renminbi and urban-rural income disparity," Working Papers halshs-00556694, HAL.
  7. Grigoriou, Christopher & Guillaumont, Patrick & Yang, Wenyan, 2005. "Child mortality under Chinese reforms," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 441-464.
  8. Kim, Iljoong & Kim, Inbae, 2008. "Interest group pressure explanations for the yen-dollar exchange rate movements: Focusing on the 1980s," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 364-382, September.
  9. Christopher Grigoriou & Patrick Guillaumont, 2011. "Child Mortality Reacts to Relative Prices," Working Papers halshs-00556800, HAL.
  10. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00667467 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Hua, Ping, 2007. "Real exchange rate and manufacturing employment in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 335-353.
  12. Yue, Changjun & Hua, Ping, 2002. "Does comparative advantage explains export patterns in China?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(2-3), pages 276-296.
  13. Guillaumont Jeanney, Sylviane & HUA, Ping, 2002. "The Balassa-Samuelson effect and inflation in the Chinese provinces," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(2-3), pages 134-160.

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