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The Doha Round and Market Access for LDCs: Scenarios for the EU and US Markets

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  • Jaime MELO DE

    ()
    (Université Genève)

  • Céline CARRERE

    ()
    (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Développement International)

Abstract

It was a hope of LDCs that the DOHA round would bring them greater market access in OECD countries than for non-LDCs. Using HS-6 tariff level data for the US and the EU for 2004, this paper estimates that, once the erosion from preferential access into the EU to non-LDCs are taken into account, LDCs have about a 3% preferential margin in the EU market. In the US market, in spite of preferences under AGOA, on a trade-weighted basis, LDCs are discriminated against. Under various “Swiss formulas” for tariff cuts, effective market access for LDCs in the EU will be negligible and still negative in the US. If the US were to apply a 97% rule (i.e. duty-free, quota-free access for all but three percent of the tariff lines), LDCs could increase exports by 10% or about $1billion annually. Effective market access is further reduced by complicated Rules of Origin (RoO) applied by the EU and the US. Furthermore, generally, the most restrictive RoO fall on products in which LDCs have the greatest preferential market access.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by CERDI in its series Working Papers with number 200911.

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Length: 36
Date of creation: 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cdi:wpaper:1056

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Keywords: market access; LDCs; Rules of Origin;

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  1. Carrère, Céline & de Melo, Jaime, 2004. "Are Different Rules of Origin Equally Costly? Estimates from NAFTA," CEPR Discussion Papers 4437, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Joseph Francois & Bernard Hoekman & Miriam Manchin, 2006. "Preference Erosion and Multilateral Trade Liberalization," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 20(2), pages 197-216.
  3. Céline Carrère & Jaime de Melo & Bolormaa Tumurchudur, 2008. "Disentangling Market Access Effects for ASEAN Members under an ASEAN-EU FTA," Development Working Papers 259, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  4. Cadot, Olivier & Estevadeordal, Antoni & Suwa-Eisenmann, Akiko & Verdier, Thierry (ed.), 2006. "The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Regional Trade Agreements," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199290482.
  5. Brenton, Paul, 2003. "Integrating the least developed countries into the world trading system : the current impact of EU preferences under everything but arms," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3018, The World Bank.
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