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Who Is The Identifiable Victim?--Caste Interacts With Sympathy In India

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Author Info

  • ASHWINI DESHPANDE

    (Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi, India)

  • DEAN SPEARS

    (Economics Department,Princeton University)

Abstract

Earlier studies have documented an “identifiable victim effect”-- people donate more to help individual people than to groups. Evidence suggests that this is in part due to an emotional reaction to the identified recipients, who generate more sympathy. However, stereotype research has shown that low-ranking groups are often not seen sympathetically; indeed stigmatized groups can be targets of “dehumanized” perception, perceived with disgust. We conducted an internet survey experiment among Indian participants, crossing the identification treatment with the group membership of the recipient. We indicate group membership of identified recipients subtly, with names that connote a social rank. We found an identifiable recipient effect for generically Indian, high caste, and Muslim recipients, but the effect was reversed for low caste recipients. Participants were as willing to donate to statistical low caste recipients as to statistical high caste recipients, but were less willing to donate to identified low caste recipients.However, an identifiable victim effect was seen for all recipient groups among participants open to a love marriage, a coarse indicator of rejecting caste hierarchy in favor of shared humanity. To our knowledge, this is the first study demonstrating that the identifiable victim effect interacts with the identity of the victim.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics in its series Working papers with number 211.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cde:cdewps:211

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Related research

Keywords: identifiable victim effect; stereotypes; out-groups; caste; Dalit; pro-social behavior; India;

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  1. Deshpande, Ashwini, 2011. "Deshpande: The Grammar of Caste - Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198072034.
  2. Siddique, Zahra, 2011. "Evidence on Caste Based Discrimination," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(S1), pages S146-S159.
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