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Political Awareness and Microtargeting of Voters in Electoral Competition

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Author Info

  • Burkhard Schipper
  • Hee Yeul Woo

    (Department of Economics, University of California Davis)

Abstract

In modern elections, ideologically motivated candidates with a wealth of information about individual voters and sophisticated campaign strategies are faced by voters who lack awareness of some political issues and are uncertain about the exact political positions of candidates. This is the context in which we analyze electoral competition between two ideologically fixed candidates and a finite set of voters. Each political issue corresponds to a dimension of a multidimensional policy space in which candidates' and voters' most preferred policy points are located. Candidates can target messages to subsets of voters. A candidate's message consists of a subset of issues and some information on her political position in the subspace spanned by this subset of issues. The information provided can be vague, it can be even silent on some issues, but candidates are not allowed to bluntly lie about their ideology. Every voter votes for the candidate she expects to be closest to her but takes into account only the subspace spanned by the issues that come up during the campaign. We show that any prudent rationalizable election outcome is the same as if voters have full awareness of issues and complete information of policy points, both in parliamentary and presidential elections. We show by examples that these results depend on the strength of electoral competition, the ability to target information to voters, and the political reasoning abilities of voters.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of California, Davis, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 124.

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Length: 47
Date of creation: 12 Apr 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cda:wpaper:12-4

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Related research

Keywords: Electoral competition; multidimensional policy space; microtargeting; dog-whistle politics; ideological candidates; verifiable information; unawareness; framing; prudent rationalizability; forward-induction;

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References

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  1. Edward L. Glaeser & Giacomo A. M. Ponzetto & Jesse M. Shapiro, 2004. "Strategic Extremism: Why Republicans and Democrats Divide on Religious Values," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 2044, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
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Cited by:
  1. Heifetz, Aviad & Meier, Martin & Schipper, Burkhard C, 2009. "Dynamic Unawareness and Rationalizable Behavior," MPRA Paper 15058, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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