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Financial Choice in a Non-Ricardian Model of Trade

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  • Katheryn Russ
  • Diego Valderrama

    (Department of Economics, University of California Davis)

Abstract

We join the new trade theory with a model of choice between bank and bond financing to show the differential effects of financial policy on the distribution of firm size, welfare, aggregate output, gains from trade, and the real exchange rate in a small open economy. Increasing bank efficiency and reducing bond transaction costs both increase welfare but have opposite effects on the extensive margin of trade, aggregate exports, and the real exchange rate. Increasing the degree of trade openness increases firms’ relative demand for bond versus bank financing. We identify a financial switching channel for gains from trade where increasing access to export markets allows firms to overcome high fixed costs of bond issuance to secure a lower marginal cost of capital.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of California, Davis, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 109.

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Date of creation: 18 May 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cda:wpaper:10-9

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Keywords: heterogeneity; bank; bond; firm finance; export real exchange rate;

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References

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  1. Kim J. Ruhl, 2008. "The International Elasticity Puzzle," Working Papers 08-30, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
  2. Diego Valderrama & Katheryn N. Russ, . "A Theory of Banks, Bonds, and the Distribution of Firm Size," Working Papers 915, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  3. Melitz, Marc J, 2002. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," CEPR Discussion Papers 3381, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Paula Bustos, 2011. "Trade Liberalization, Exports, and Technology Upgrading: Evidence on the Impact of MERCOSUR on Argentinian Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(1), pages 304-40, February.
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  18. Katheryn N. Russ, 2009. "The New Theory of Foreign Direct Investment: Merging Trade and Capital Flows," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(1), pages 107-119, 05.
  19. Manova, Kalina, 2008. "Credit constraints, equity market liberalizations and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 33-47, September.
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