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Does Exchange Rate Variability Matter for Welfare? A Quantitative Investigation of Stabilization Policies

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  • Paul Bergin
  • Hyung-Cheol Shin
  • Ivan Tchakarov

    (Department of Economics, University of California Davis)

Abstract

This paper evaluates quantitatively the potential welfare gains from monetary policy and fixed exchange rate rules in a two-country sticky-price model. The first finding is that the gains from stabilization tend to be small in the types of economic environments emphasized in recent theoretical literature. The analysis goes on to identify two types of economies in which the welfare implications of risk are larger: where agents exhibit habits, and where international asset markets exhibit asymmetry in the form of “original sin.” In the habits case, monetary policy aimed solely at inflation stabilization is optimal. But in the original sin case there are potentially large welfare gains from also eliminating exchange rate volatility.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of California, Davis, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 512.

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Length: 28
Date of creation: 30 Jun 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cda:wpaper:05-12

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Keywords: exchange rate risk; second order approximation;

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References

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  1. Obstfeld, Maurice & Rogoff, Kenneth, 2001. "Global Implications of Self-Orientated National Monetary Rules," CEPR Discussion Papers 2856, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Giancarlo Corsetti & Paolo Pesenti, 2001. "Welfare And Macroeconomic Interdependence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 116(2), pages 421-445, May.
  3. Gianluca Benigno & Pierpaolo Benigno, 2003. "Price Stability in Open Economies," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 70(4), pages 743-764, October.
  4. Eric van Wincoop & Philippe Bacchetta, 2000. "Does Exchange-Rate Stability Increase Trade and Welfare?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1093-1109, December.
  5. Bergin, Paul R., 2003. "Putting the 'New Open Economy Macroeconomics' to a test," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 3-34, May.
  6. Paul R. Bergin & Robert C. Feenstra, 1999. "Pricing to Market, Staggered Contracts, and Real Exchange Rate Persistence," NBER Working Papers 7026, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Christopher A. Sims & Jinill Kim & Sunghyun Kim, 2003. "Calculating and Using Second Order Accurate Solution of Discrete Time Dynamic Equilibrium Models," Computing in Economics and Finance 2003 162, Society for Computational Economics.
  8. Constantinides, George M, 1990. "Habit Formation: A Resolution of the Equity Premium Puzzle," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(3), pages 519-43, June.
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  18. Jinill Kim & Sunghyun Kim & Ernst Schaumburg & Christopher A. Sims, 2003. "Calculating and Using Second Order Accurate Solutions of Discrete Time," Levine's Bibliography 666156000000000284, UCLA Department of Economics.
  19. John Y. Campbell & John H. Cochrane, 1995. "By Force of Habit: A Consumption-Based Explanation of Aggregate Stock Market Behavior," NBER Working Papers 4995, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Moldovan, Ioana R., 2008. "Countercyclical Fiscal Policy and Cyclical Factor Utilization," SIRE Discussion Papers 2008-19, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
  2. Aysun, Uluc, 2008. "Automatic stabilizer feature of fixed exchange rate regimes," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 302-328, December.
  3. Ioana Moldovan, 2007. "Countercyclical Taxes in a Monopolistically Competitive Environment," Working Papers 2007_42, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
  4. Danny Leung, 2008. "Markups in Canada: Have They Changed and Why?," Working Papers 08-8, Bank of Canada.
  5. Jian Wang, 2007. "Home bias, exchange rate disconnect, and optimal exchange rate policy," Working Papers 0701, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.
  6. Tronzano, Marco, 2009. "Assessing the Volatility of the Euro on Foreign Exchange Markets: Further Empirical Evidence and Policy Implications," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio di Genova, vol. 62(1), pages 103-131.
  7. Bianca De Paoli, 2004. "Monetary Policy and Welfare in a Small Open Economy," CEP Discussion Papers dp0639, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  8. Teo, Wing Leong, 2009. "Can exchange rate rules be better than interest rate rules?," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 301-311, August.
  9. Ozge Senay, 2007. "Interest Rate Rules and Welfare in Open Economies," CDMA Working Paper Series 200715, Centre for Dynamic Macroeconomic Analysis.
  10. Carlos Garcia, 2012. "Why Does Monetary Policy Respond to the Real Exchange Rate in Small Open Economies? A Bayesian Perspective," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv287, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
  11. Garcia, Carlos J. & Restrepo, Jorge E. & Tanner, Evan, 2011. "Fiscal rules in a volatile world: A welfare-based approach," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 649-676, July.
  12. Luis Catão & Roberto Chang, 2013. "World Food Prices, the Terms of Trade-Real Exchange Rate Nexus, and Monetary Policy," IMF Working Papers 13/114, International Monetary Fund.
  13. Stephen McKnight & Alexander Mihailov, 2012. "Do real balance effects invalidate the Taylor principle in closed and open economies?," Serie documentos de trabajo del Centro de Estudios Económicos 2012-10, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos.
  14. Enzo Cassino & David Oxley, 2013. "How Does the Exchange Rate Affect the Real Economy? A Literature Survey," Treasury Working Paper Series 13/26, New Zealand Treasury.
  15. Carlos Garcia & Wildo Gonzalez, 2014. "Why does monetary policy respond to the real exchange rate in small open economies? A Bayesian perspective," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 789-825, May.
  16. Tseng, Hui-Kuan, 2010. "Incomplete Pass-through and Exchange Rate Volatility: A Simulation Approach - Pass-through incompleto e volatilità del cambio: un approccio simulato," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio di Genova, vol. 63(1), pages 121-135.
  17. Kollmann, Robert & Kim, Jinill & Kim, Sunghyun H., 2011. "Solving the multi-country Real Business Cycle model using a perturbation method," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 203-206, February.

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