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Ayuda externa en Bolivia (1985-2003): auge y caída del neoliberalismo

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  • Fernando De La Cruz Prego

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    Abstract

    Desde 1985 la ayuda externa fue una variable central para el proceso de desarrollo de Bolivia. Las necesidades financieras derivadas de la doble crisis de deuda externa e hiperinflación obligaron a sus gobernantes a recurrir de manera masiva a la ayuda internacional para estabilizar y reestructurar la economía. Esta dependencia financiera de la ayuda, junto con la coincidencia ideológica entre los sucesivos gobiernos bolivianos y los principales proveedores de ayuda, allanó el camino para la implantación del modelo neoliberal como nuevo eje del desarrollo boliviano. Sin embargo, dos décadas más tarde —y tras más de 12.000 millones de dólares de ayuda—, este modelo se mostró incapaz de ofrecer tasas de crecimiento sostenibles, el país presentaba uno de los niveles de pobreza y desigualdad más elevados del continente, y las finanzas públicas seguían dependiendo sustancialmente de la ayuda externa. Este artículo analiza el papel desempeñado por la ayuda externa durante las dos décadas de neoliberalismo boliviano.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Cátedra de Cooperación Internacional y con Iberoamérica (COIBA), Universidad de Cantabria in its series Documentos de trabajo sobre cooperación y desarrollo with number 201101.

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    Date of creation: Feb 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:cci:wpaper:201101

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    Keywords: Bolivia; ayuda externa; impacto de la ayuda; neoliberalismo;

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    1. Lykke E. Andersen & José Luis Evia, 2003. "La Efectividad de la Ayuda Externa en Bolivia," Development Research Working Paper Series 02/2003, Institute for Advanced Development Studies.
    2. David Dollar & Craig Burnside, 2000. "Aid, Policies, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 847-868, September.
    3. Morales, Juan Antonio, 1994. "Ajuste Macroeconómico y Reformas Estructurales en Bolivia, 1985 - 1994," Documentos de trabajo 7/1994, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana.
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