The Pastoral Boom, the Rural Land Market, and Long Swings in New Zealand Economic Growth 1873-1939
AbstractA pastoral boom led to higher farm and manufacturing productivity and to New Zealand attaining the world’s highest HDI in 1913. Staple exports invigorated the land market, diffused rural land ownership, and fostered intensive growth. The gains from higher land prices spread widely, but land market volatility also created instability. New Zealand had the world’s highest GDP per capita in 1938, but she experienced long swings in her growth rates. Dramatic swings in rural land market activity engendered by the pastoral boom contributed powerfully to a long depression in the 1920s; subsequently a new monetary regime facilitated fast recovery.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 08/02.
Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2008
Date of revision:
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Land ownership; Pastoral sector; Manufacturing productivity; New Zealand land prices;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- N17 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Africa; Oceania
- N37 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Africa; Oceania
- N47 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Africa; Oceania
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2008-04-21 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2008-04-21 (All new papers)
- NEP-HIS-2008-04-21 (Business, Economic & Financial History)
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- David Greasley & Les Oxley, 2008. "Re-inventing New Zealand: Institutions Output and Patents 1870-1939," Working Papers in Economics 08/15, University of Canterbury, Department of Economics and Finance.
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