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Persistence of Social Exclusion among Older People in Australia: What are the protecting factors?

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Author Info

  • Riyana Miranti

    ()
    (NATSEM, University of Canberra)

  • Peng Yu

Abstract

The existing literature on social exclusion among older people, though relatively limited, suggests that disadvantage among the elderly is cumulative in nature. Some aspects of disadvantage starting at early life stages have long-term consequences. As such, older people with disadvantages may be subject to higher risks of persistent social exclusion. This paper aims to improve understanding of the persistence of social exclusion among senior Australians in three ways. Firstly, the incidence of social exclusion among older people is analysed using selected indicators. Secondly, the paper examines whether an older person experiencing social exclusion at one time is more likely to experience it again (persistence). Thirdly, it investigates what factors may be protecting older people from persistent social exclusion. The analysis is conducted using the first eight waves of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey (2001–2008). The sample of the elderly is disaggregated into a younger group (55-64 years at wave 1) and an older group (65+ years). Notwithstanding a low incidence of social exclusion (especially in multiple dimensions), the analysis indicates a relatively high persistence of exclusion: among less than 10 per cent of the sample of older people who experienced social exclusion in the previous year, about 45 per cent of that smaller group experienced the same situation in the following year. Further, the paper suggests that higher education and income, as well as better health conditions and previous employment experiences, are important protective factors from social exclusion for older people.

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File URL: http://www.natsem.canberra.edu.au/files/download?id=717
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Canberra, National Centre for Social and Economic Modelling in its series NATSEM Working Paper Series with number 11/11.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published as a NATSEM Working Paper series
Handle: RePEc:cba:wpaper:wp1111

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Postal: University of Canberra, ACT 2601
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Web page: http://www.natsem.canberra.edu.au/
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Related research

Keywords: persistence of social exclusion; panel data estimation; protective factors;

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  1. Ambra Poggi, 2007. "Does persistence of social exclusion exist in Spain?," Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 53-72, April.
  2. Rosanna Scutella & Roger Wilkins & Michael Horn, 2009. "Measuring Poverty and Social Exclusion in Australia: A Proposed Multidimensional Framework for Identifying Socio-Economic Disadvantage," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2009n04, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
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