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Iranian Economy in the Twentieth Century: A Global Perspective

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Author Info

  • Esfahani, H.S.
  • Pesaran, M.H.

Abstract

This paper examines the economic transformation of Iran in a global context through the Twentieth Century. At the start of that century, the Iranian economy had long remained stagnant, poor, and largely agrarian, with a marginal role in the world economy. By the turn of 21st century, Iran had transformed into a complex and relatively large economy with a non-negligible impact on many parts of the world. While the initial conditions and the evolution of domestic institutions and resources played major roles in the pace and nature of that transformation, relations with the rest of the world had crucial influences as well. This paper focuses on the latter forces, while taking account of their interactions with domestic factors in shaping the particular form of economic development in Iran. We study the ways in which the development of the Iranian economy has been affected by international price movements and by the ebbs and flows of trade, investment, and economic growth in the rest of the world. In considering these effects, we also analyze the role of domestic political economy factors and policies in enhancing or hindering the ability of domestic producers to respond to external challenges and opportunities.

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File URL: http://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/research/repec/cam/pdf/cwpe0815.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge in its series Cambridge Working Papers in Economics with number 0815.

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Length: 24
Date of creation: Mar 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:cam:camdae:0815

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Web page: http://www.econ.cam.ac.uk/index.htm

Related research

Keywords: Development and Growth; Political Economy; Oil Prices and the Iranian Economy.;

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Cited by:
  1. Esfahani, H.S. & Mohaddes, K. & Pesaran, M.H., 2009. "Oil Exports and the Iranian Economy," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0944, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.

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