Does Money Matter for Inflation in the Euro Area?
AbstractWe analyse the role of euro area M3 as an indicator for future inflation. We analyse the short and long run relationship between money growth and inflation in an error correction framework taking into account the output gap and short and long term interest rates. We find robust cointegration between money growth and inflation. In the long run, shocks in M3-growth account for 33 percent to 40 percent of the inflation forecast error variance. We find evidence for significantly different dynamics of interest rates at the end of the seventies and beginning of the eighties. The dynamic relationship between money growth and inflation, however, remains stable over time, which implies that the deviation of real money growth from its long run average is a good indicator for future inflation acceleration or deceleration. Of course, this finding confirms the usefulness of monetary analysis in the ECB policy setting process and indicates that an M3-growth rate of slightly above 5% is compatible with a nonaccelerating average rate of inflation of 2%.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel in its series Working papers with number 2005/09.
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
Other versions of this item:
- C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
- E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
- E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
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