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Choosing secondary school by moving house: school quality and the formation of neighbourhoods

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  • Rebecca Allen
  • Simon Burgess
  • Tomas Key

    ()

Abstract

This paper uses the pupil census in England to explore how family house moves contribute to school and residential segregation. We track the moves of a single cohort as it approaches the secondary school admission age. We also combine a number of cohorts and estimate a dynamic nonlinear model for house moving with unobserved effects. These approaches yield the same result: moving is significantly negatively correlated with school quality, and segregation does increase as a cohort reaches age 11. However, this relationship is weak: the increase in segregation is slight and quantitative significance of the estimated relationship is low.

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File URL: http://www.bristol.ac.uk/cmpo/publications/papers/2010/wp238.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK in its series The Centre for Market and Public Organisation with number 10/238.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bri:cmpowp:10/238

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Keywords: school quality; moving; segregation; neighbourhoods;

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References

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  1. H. Spencer Banzhaf & Randall Walsh, 1999. "The Role of Optimizing Behavior in Willingness-to-Pay Estimates for Air Quality," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 81(5), pages 1112-1117.
  2. Rebecca Allen & Simon Burgess & Frank Windmeijer, 2009. "More Reliable Inference for Segregation Indices," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK 09/216, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
  3. Stephen Gibbons & Shqiponja Telhaj, 2006. "Are schools drifting apart? Intake stratification in English secondary schools," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library 19420, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  4. Epple, Dennis & Romano, Richard E, 1998. "Competition between Private and Public Schools, Vouchers, and Peer-Group Effects," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 88(1), pages 33-62, March.
  5. Sandra E. Black, 1999. "Do Better Schools Matter? Parental Valuation Of Elementary Education," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 114(2), pages 577-599, May.
  6. Patrick Bayer & Fernando Ferreira & Robert McMillan, 2007. "A Unified Framework for Measuring Preferences for Schools and Neighborhoods," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 115(4), pages 588-638, 08.
  7. Goodman, Allen C. & Thibodeau, Thomas G., 1998. "Housing Market Segmentation," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 121-143, June.
  8. Dennis Epple & Richard Romano, 2000. "Neighborhood Schools, Choice, and the Distribution of Educational Benefits," NBER Working Papers 7850, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Charles M. Tiebout, 1956. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64, pages 416.
  10. Rebecca Allen & Anna Vignoles, 2006. "What Should an Index of School Segregation Measure?," CEE Discussion Papers, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE 0060, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
  11. Jeffrey M Wooldridge, 2002. "Simple solutions to the initial conditions problem in dynamic, nonlinear panel data models with unobserved heterogeneity," CeMMAP working papers, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies CWP18/02, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  12. Jesse M. Rothstein, 2006. "Good Principals or Good Peers? Parental Valuation of School Characteristics, Tiebout Equilibrium, and the Incentive Effects of Competition among Jurisdictions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 96(4), pages 1333-1350, September.
  13. Cheshire, Paul & Sheppard, Stephen, 1995. "On the Price of Land and the Value of Amenities," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 62(246), pages 247-67, May.
  14. Thomas J. Nechyba, 2000. "Mobility, Targeting, and Private-School Vouchers," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 90(1), pages 130-146, March.
  15. Gibbons, Steve & Machin, Stephen, 2003. "Valuing English primary schools," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 197-219, March.
  16. Maria Marta Ferreyra, 2007. "Estimating the Effects of Private School Vouchers in Multidistrict Economies," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 97(3), pages 789-817, June.
  17. Leslie Rosenthal, 2000. "The value of secondary school quality," Keele Department of Economics Discussion Papers (1995-2001), Department of Economics, Keele University 2000/06, Department of Economics, Keele University.
  18. Bogart, William T. & Cromwell, Brian A., 1997. "How Much More is a Good School District Worth?," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 50(2), pages 215-32, June.
  19. Dennis Leech & Erick Campos, 2003. "Is comprehensive education really free?: a case-study of the effects of secondary school admissions policies on house prices in one local area," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 166(1), pages 135-154.
  20. Brunner, Eric J. & Imazeki, Jennifer, 2008. "Tiebout choice and universal school vouchers," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 253-279, January.
  21. Lars Nesheim, 2004. "Equilibrium Sorting of Heterogeneous Consumers Across Locations," Econometric Society 2004 North American Summer Meetings 337, Econometric Society.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Stephen Gibbons & Olmo Silva & Felix Weinhardt, 2010. "Do Neighbours Affect Teenage Outcomes? Evidence from Neighbourhood Changes in England," CEE Discussion Papers, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE 0122, Centre for the Economics of Education, LSE.
  2. Gibbons, Steve & Silva, Olmo & Weinhardt, Felix, 2011. "Everybody Needs Good Neighbours? Evidence from Students' Outcomes in England," IZA Discussion Papers 5980, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Rebecca Allen & Simon Burgess, 2010. "Evaluating the provision of school performance information for school choice," The Centre for Market and Public Organisation, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK 10/241, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
  4. Simon Burgess & Matt Dickson & Lindsey Macmillan, 2014. "Selective Schooling Systems Increase Inequality," DoQSS Working Papers, Department of Quantitative Social Science - Institute of Education, University of London 14-09, Department of Quantitative Social Science - Institute of Education, University of London.

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