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Wage-Productivity Gap in Turkish Manufacturing Sector

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  • Ceyhun Elgin
  • Tolga Umut Kuzubas

Abstract

Perfectly competitive labor markets without distortionary taxes combined with a profit maximizing behavior of firms should imply that real wages should equal marginal product of labor (MPL). In this paper, we study the Turkish manufacturing industry and find that there exist a significant widening gap between real wages and marginal product of labor over the period 1950-2009. Using different time-series econometric techniques we show that this gap is foremost correlated with the unemployment rate over the period of study. To provide an economic mechanism for this relationship we build a search model of employment with endogenous bargaining. Our model implies that this observation is consistent with declining bargaining power of the workers, which is also supported by the data.

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Paper provided by Bogazici University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 2012/03.

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Date of creation: Mar 2012
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Handle: RePEc:bou:wpaper:2012/03

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  11. Pierre Cahuc & Fabien Postel-Vinay & Jean-Marc Robin, 2003. "Wage bargaining with on-the-job search : theory and evidence," Research Unit Working Papers 0212, Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA.
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  14. Altug, Sumru & Filiztekin, Alpay & Pamuk, Şevket, 2008. "Sources of long-term economic growth for Turkey, 1880–2005," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(03), pages 393-430, December.
  15. Giovanni Sulis, 2008. "Wage Dispersion and Equilibrium Search Models: Some Evidence from Italy," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 22(4), pages 593-627, December.
  16. Elgin, Ceyhun & Kuzubas, Tolga Umut, 2013. "Wage-productivity gap in OECD economies," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 7(21), pages 1-21.
  17. McCall, John J, 1970. "Economics of Information and Job Search," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 84(1), pages 113-26, February.
  18. Gregory, Allan W & Hansen, Bruce E, 1996. "Tests for Cointegration in Models with Regime and Trend Shifts," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 58(3), pages 555-60, August.
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  20. Pekka Ilmakunnas & Mika Maliranta, 2002. "Labour characteristics and wage-productivity gaps," New Zealand Economic Papers, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 73-74.
  21. Madeline Zavodny, 1999. "Unions and the wage-productivity gap," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, issue Q2, pages 44-53.
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Cited by:
  1. Elgin, Ceyhun & Yucel, Emekcan, 2013. "Determinants of the weight for leisure in preferences," Economics Discussion Papers 2013-57, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  2. Elgin, Ceyhun & Kuzubas, Tolga Umut, 2013. "Wage-productivity gap in OECD economies," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy, vol. 7(21), pages 1-21.

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