The Pricing of Derivatives on Assets with Quadratic Volatility
AbstractThe basic model of financial economics is the Samuelson model of geometric Brownian motion because of the celebrated Black-Scholes formula for pricing the call option. The asset's volatility is a linear function of the asset value and the model garantees positive asset prices. In this paper it is shown that the pricing partial differential equation can be solved for level-dependent volatility which is a quadratic polynomial. If zero is attainable, both absorption and negative asset values are possible. Explicit formulae are derived for the call option: a generalization of the Black-Scholes formula for an asset whose volatiliy is affine, the formula for the Bachelier model with constant volatility, and new formulae in the case of quadratic volatility. The implied Black-Scholes volatilities of the Bachelier and the affine model are frowns, the quadratic specifications imply smiles.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by University of Bonn, Germany in its series Bonn Econ Discussion Papers with number bgse5_2002.
Date of creation: Jan 2002
Date of revision:
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strong solutions; stochastic differential equation; option pricing; quadratic volatility; implied volatility; smiles; frowns;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
- G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-04-25 (All new papers)
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