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The integrated impact of credit and interest rate risk on banks: an economic value and capital adequacy perspective

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  • Mathias Drehmann
  • Steffen Sorensen
  • Marco Stringa

Abstract

Credit and interest rate risk in the banking book are the two most important risks faced by commercial banks. In this paper we derive a consistent and general framework to measure the integrated impact of both risks on banks' portfolios. The framework accounts for all sources of credit risk and interest rate risk. By modelling the whole portfolio of a bank and by taking account of the repricing characteristics of all exposures, we can assess the impact of credit and interest rate risk not only on the bank's economic value but also on its future earnings and capital adequacy. We apply our framework to a hypothetical bank in normal and stressed conditions. The simulation highlights that it is fundamental to measure the impact of interest rate and credit risk jointly. We also show that it is crucial to model the whole portfolio, including the repricing and maturity characteristics of assets, liabilities and off balance sheet items.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bank of England in its series Bank of England working papers with number 339.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:boe:boeewp:339

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Aikman, David & Alessandri, Piergiorgio & Eklund, Bruno & Gai, Prasanna & Kapadia, Sujit & Martin, Elizabeth & Mora, Nada & Sterne, Gabriel & Willison, Matthew, 2009. "Funding liquidity risk in a quantitative model of systemic stability," Bank of England working papers, Bank of England 372, Bank of England.
  2. Fungácová, Zuzana & Jakubík, Petr, 2012. "Bank stress tests as an information device for emerging markets: The case of Russia," BOFIT Discussion Papers, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition 3/2012, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  3. Alessandri, Piergiorgio & Drehmann, Mathias, 2010. "An economic capital model integrating credit and interest rate risk in the banking book," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 730-742, April.
  4. Christian Schmieder & Maher Hasan & Claus Puhr, 2011. "Next Generation Balance Sheet Stress Testing," IMF Working Papers 11/83, International Monetary Fund.
  5. Sujit Kapadia & Matthias Drehmann & John Elliott & Gabriel Sterne, 2012. "Liquidity Risk, Cash Flow Constraints, and Systemic Feedbacks," NBER Chapters, in: Quantifying Systemic Risk, pages 29-61 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Drehmann, Mathias & Sorensen, Steffen & Stringa, Marco, 2010. "The integrated impact of credit and interest rate risk on banks: A dynamic framework and stress testing application," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 713-729, April.
  7. Iris Biefang Frisancho-Mariscal & Peter Howells, 2010. "Interest rate pass-through and risk," Working Papers 1016, Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol.
  8. Claudio Borio & Claudio Mathias Drehmann, 2009. "Towards an operational framework for financial stability: "fuzzy" measurement and its consequences," BIS Working Papers 284, Bank for International Settlements.
  9. Spyros Pagratis & Marco Stringa, 2009. "Modeling Bank Senior Unsecured Ratings: A Reasoned Structured Approach to Bank Credit Assessment," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 5(2), pages 1-39, June.
  10. Hałaj, Grzegorz, 2013. "Optimal asset structure of a bank - bank reactions to stressful market conditions," Working Paper Series, European Central Bank 1533, European Central Bank.

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