M0: Causes and Consequences
AbstractThis paper analyses four aspects of the determination and effects of M0 using annual, quarterly and monthly data. First it analyses the issue of the correct scale variable for determining M0. A combination of survey evidence and statistical tests indicate that retail sales is the most appropriate scale variable to use in looking at M0. Second, the paper looks at the best way to explain the trend in M0 velocity. It confirms earlier results showing that a cumulative interest rate term gives an adequate representation of the trend and is better than a linear time trend for this purpose. Third, the paper looks at the short-run interest elasticity of demand for M0. It finds that this elasticity is highly variable across models and suggests that the analysis of M0 is problematic following substantial changes in interest rates. Lastly, and probably most controvertially it looks at the leading indicators of properties in M0 for inflation. It finds that these are particularly robust and cannot be matched simply by the product of the explanatory terms in the M0 equation. Although this result is implicit in previous work done in the Bank (eg 'VAR models of inflation' Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, May 1993) this paper makes an explicit empirical link between M0 and inflation.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Bank of England in its series Bank of England working papers with number 20.
Date of creation: Dec 1993
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- Breedon, F J & Fisher, P G, 1996. "M0: Causes and Consequences," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 64(4), pages 371-87, December.
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- Mohammad Hasan, 2005. "The information content of M0 in the United Kingdom," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(11), pages 711-717.
- hasan bakhshi & Andrew Haldane & Neal Hatch, 1999.
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- Ramon Moreno & Reuven Glick, 2001. "Is money still useful for policy in East Asia?," Pacific Basin Working Paper Series 2001-12, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
- Scott Hendry, 1995. "Long-Run Demand for M1," Macroeconomics 9511001, EconWPA.
- Norbert Janssen, 1998. "The demand for M0 in the United Kingdom reconsidered: some specification issues," Bank of England working papers 83, Bank of England.
- Fischer, Björn & Köhler, Petra & Seitz, Franz, 2004. "The demand for euro area currencies: past, present and future," Working Paper Series 0330, European Central Bank.
- Bonin, Holger & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2000. "The Post-Unification German Labor Market," IZA Discussion Papers 185, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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