Revisiting the importance of non-tradable goods' prices in cyclical real exchange rate fluctuations
AbstractIn an influential paper Engel (1999. Accounting for U.S. Real Exchange Rate Changes, Journal of Political Economy 107, 507-538) argues that essentially all the flctuations in the real exchange rate can be attributed to fluctuations in the relative price of traded goods, and that only a small part of the fluctuations can be attributed to changes in the relative price of non-tradables. We instead decompose the real exchange rate into three components: the relative price of traded goods at-the-dock, the difference in the relative price of non-traded to traded goods and the difference in the wedge between retail prices of traded goods and the prices of traded goods at-the-dock. Using data on US bilateral real exchange rates we find that the fluctuations in the relative wedge between retail prices and traded goods prices at-the-dock account for on average between 30 and 70 percent of the movements in the real exchange rate. These findings suggest that the relationship between traded goods prices at-the-dock and retail prices of traded goods is key to understanding real exchange rate fluctuations.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Norges Bank in its series Working Paper with number 2009/03.
Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: 30 Jan 2009
Date of revision:
Real exchange rates;
Other versions of this item:
- Bache, Ida Wolden & Sveen, Tommy & Torstensen, Kjersti Næss, 2013. "Revisiting the importance of non-tradable goods' prices in cyclical real exchange rate fluctuations," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 98-107.
- F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
- F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-02-07 (All new papers)
- NEP-CBA-2009-02-07 (Central Banking)
- NEP-IFN-2009-02-07 (International Finance)
- NEP-OPM-2009-02-07 (Open Economy Macroeconomic)
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- P. Jacob, 2010. "Disaggregating Real Exchange Rate Dynamics: A Structural Approach," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 10/655, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
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