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Entrepreneurship Dynamics, Market Size and Fiscal Policy

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Author Info

  • Richard Kneller

    (University of Nottingham)

  • Danny McGowan

    ()
    (Bangor Business School)

Abstract

The current recession has highlighted the potentially severe impact of shrinkages in demand and fiscal austerity upon firm entry and survival. Using data covering broad manufacturing and service sectors in 17 countries this paper investigates how changes in fiscal policy and market size affect rates of firm entry and exit. We find that reductions in fiscal expenditure are associated with higher rates of entrepreneurship and that there are differences between more disaggregated policy factors such as government consumption, investment and taxation. Quantitatively more important is market size. In the immediate aftermath of a 5 percent reduction in market size the rate of entry falls by approximately 0.25 percentage points while the exit rate rises by a similar amount. Although small in comparison with average rates of entry and exit this corresponds to a loss of 17,500 firms in the United States. Changes in fiscal expenditure are estimated to have a slightly smaller effect.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bangor Business School, Prifysgol Bangor University (Cymru / Wales) in its series Working Papers with number 11003.

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Date of creation: Oct 2011
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Handle: RePEc:bng:wpaper:11003

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Keywords: Entry; Exit; Demand; Fiscal Policy;

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  1. Griffith, Rachel & Redding, Stephen J & Van Reenen, John, 2000. "Mapping The Two Faces Of R&D: Productivity Growth In A Panel Of OECD Industries," CEPR Discussion Papers 2457, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  13. Greenaway, David & Gullstrand, Joakim & Kneller, Richard, 2008. "Surviving globalisation," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 264-277, March.
  14. Bruce, Donald, 2000. "Effects of the United States tax system on transitions into self-employment," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 545-574, September.
  15. Mata, Jose & Portugal, Pedro & Guimaraes, Paulo, 1995. "The survival of new plants: Start-up conditions and post-entry evolution," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 459-481, December.
  16. Bee Yan Aw & Xiaomin Chen & Mark J. Roberts, 1997. "Firm-level Evidence on Productivity Differentials, Turnover, and Exports in Taiwanese Manufacturing," NBER Working Papers 6235, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Baldwin, John R. & Harchaoui, Tarek, 2002. "Productivity Growth in Canada," Productivity Growth in Canada, Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis, number stcb6e, December.
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