Dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin Results from a 2x2x2x2 Overlapping Generations Model with Unequal Population Growth Rates
AbstractThis paper considers a two-country world where the population in one country grows faster than the other, and investigates the implications of the addition of non-stationary population dynamics to a simple 2- commodity, 2-factor model of international trade within an overlapping- generations framework. The two countries in the world considered are assumed to be identical in every respect except, for their population growth rates initially. The effects of differential speed of population growth on relative factor endowments and patterns of international trade are explored by comparing simulation results obtained from the overlapping-generations general equilibrium model under autarky and trade scenarios. Unequal population growth rates are shown to give rise to differentials in wage rates and rentals for capital under autarky conditions. This, in turn, causes costs of production and relative prices to differ, creating the grounds for trade in the sense of Heckscher-Ohlin (HO). Yet, the results from simulation exercises indicate that static welfare results from the standard 2x2x2 HO model can not be generalized to hold in a dynamic setting with overlapping generations of individuals.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Bilkent University, Department of Economics in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 0201.
Date of creation: 2002
Date of revision:
Unequal population growth rates; Heckscher-Ohlin model; international trade; overlapping-generations;
Other versions of this item:
- Serdar Sayan, 2002. "Dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin Results from a 2x2x2x2 Overlapping Generations Model with Unequal Population Growth Rates," GE, Growth, Math methods 0203002, EconWPA, revised 14 Mar 2002.
- F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
- F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
- D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
- D91 - Microeconomics - - Intertemporal Choice - - - Intertemporal Household Choice; Life Cycle Models and Saving
- J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2002-09-28 (All new papers)
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