Migration and human capital in an endogenous fertility model
AbstractHow do high and low skilled migration affect fertility and human capital in migrants’ origin countries? This question is analyzed within an overlapping generations model where parents choose the number of high and low skilled children they would like to have. Individuals migrate with a certain probability and remit to their parents. It is shown that a brain drain induces parents to have more high and less low educated children. Under certain conditions fertility may either rise or decline due to a brain drain. Low skilled emigration leads to reversed results, while the overall impact on human capital of either type of migration remains ambiguous. Subsequently, the model is calibrated on a developing economy. It is found that increased high skilled emigration reduces fertility and fosters human capital accumulation, while low skilled emigration induces higher population growth and a lower level of education.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Bielefeld University, Center for Mathematical Economics in its series Working Papers with number 409.
Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2008
Date of revision:
migration; human capital; fertility;
Other versions of this item:
- Luca MARCHIORI & Patrice PIERETTI & Benteng ZOU, 2010. "Migration and Human Capital in an Endogenous Fertility Model," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 97-98, pages 187-205.
- Luca Marchiori & Patrice Pieretti & Benteng Zou, 2009. "Migration and human capital in an endogenous fertility model," CREA Discussion Paper Series 09-04, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
- F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2009-02-14 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2009-02-14 (Development)
- NEP-DGE-2009-02-14 (Dynamic General Equilibrium)
- NEP-HRM-2009-02-14 (Human Capital & Human Resource Management)
- NEP-LAB-2009-02-14 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-MIG-2009-02-14 (Economics of Human Migration)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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