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The shortage of medical workers in sub-Saharan Africa and substitution policy

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Author Info

  • Arnaud Bourgain

    (CREA, Université du Luxembourg)

  • Patrice Pieretti

    (CREA, Université du Luxembourg)

  • Benteng Zou

    ()
    (CREA, Université du Luxembourg)

Abstract

Substitution policies are strategies sometimes chosen in Sub-Saharan Africa for curtailing the shortage of health professionals especially caused by the outflow of medical personnel. The aim of our contribution is to propose a way to assess the merits and drawbacks of substitution policies by developing a simple growth model of healthcare productivity with medical brain drain. Within this framework, we use a medical care production function of the CES type which aggregates low and high specialized health workers. We then run simulations which compare scenarios with and without substitution strategies by using data from the Ghana’s medical sector.

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File URL: http://www.imw.uni-bielefeld.de/papers/files/imw-wp-407.pdf
File Function: First version, 2008
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bielefeld University, Center for Mathematical Economics in its series Working Papers with number 407.

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Length: 15 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bie:wpaper:407

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Keywords: medical shortage; healthcare policy; substitution policy;

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  1. Stark, Oded & Helmenstein, Christian & Prskawetz, Alexia, 1997. "A Brain Gain with a Brain Drain," Economics Series 45, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  2. Martineau, Tim & Decker, Karola & Bundred, Peter, 2004. ""Brain drain" of health professionals: from rhetoric to responsible action," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 1-10, October.
  3. Stark, Oded & Helmenstein, Christian & Prskawetz, Alexia, 1998. "Human Capital Depletion, Human Capital Formation, and Migration. A Blessing in a "Curse"?," Economics Series 55, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  4. Patrice Pieretti & Benteng Zou, 2006. "Brain drain and factor complementarity," Working Papers 380, Bielefeld University, Center for Mathematical Economics.
  5. Alok Bhargava & Frédéric Docquier, 2008. "HIV Pandemic, Medical Brain Drain, and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 22(2), pages 345-366, May.
  6. Richardson, Gerald & Maynard, Alan & Cullum, Nicky & Kindig, David, 1998. "Skill mix changes: substitution or service development?," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 119-132, August.
  7. M. H. Khalil Timamy, 2005. "Debate," Review of African Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(104-105), pages 383-393, June.
  8. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:6:y:2007:i:35:p:1-11 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Alan Maynard, 2006. "Medical Workforce Planning: Some Forecasting Challenges," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 39(3), pages 323-329, 09.
  10. Benteng ZOU & Patrice Pieretti, 2007. "An Extended Solow Growth Model with Emigration: Transitional Dynamics and Skills Complementarity," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 6(35), pages 1-11.
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