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A Versus K Revisited: Evidence from Selected MENA Countries

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  • Aamer Abu-Qarn

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)

  • Suleiman Abu-Bader

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev)

Abstract

This paper reconsiders the A versus K debate, namely, which factor is the leading contributor to economic growth? productivity gains (A) or factor accumulation (K). The growth accounting analysis is conducted for ten Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries over the period 1960-1998. The long-run share of capital in national income is estimated using cointegration (country-specific) and panel data (region-specific) methods. We find that for most of the countries in our sample the share of capital is much higher than the conventional share of 0.3-0.4. The growth accounting exercise conducted with the incorporation of human capital reveals that for the MENA region the contribution of productivity gains to economic growth is negligible and frequently even detrimental. Thus, we conclude that it is factor (both physical and human) accumulation that drives the economic performance of MENA economies.

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File URL: http://www.econ.bgu.ac.il/papers/205.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 205.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2005
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in World Development as: Abu-Qarn, A. S. and Abu-Bader, S. (2007) “Sources of Growth Revisited: Evidence from Selected MENA Countries,” World Development, 35(5), pages 752-771.
Handle: RePEc:bgu:wpaper:205

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Keywords: Growth Accounting; Productivity and Factor Accumulation; MENA; Middle-East; Cointegration; Panel Data;

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  1. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2001. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 541-63, July.
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  7. World Bank, 2003. "World Development Indicators 2003," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13920, August.
  8. Nehru, Vikram & Swanson, Eric & Dubey, Ashutosh, 1995. "A new database on human capital stock in developing and industrial countries: Sources, methodology, and results," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 379-401, April.
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  11. Susan M. Collins & Barry P. Bosworth, 1996. "Economic Growth in East Asia: Accumulation versus Assimilation," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 27(2), pages 135-204.
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  13. Caselli, Francesco & Esquivel, Gerardo & Lefort, Fernando, 1996. " Reopening the Convergence Debate: A New Look at Cross-Country Growth Empirics," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 1(3), pages 363-89, September.
  14. Young, Alwyn, 1995. "The Tyranny of Numbers: Confronting the Statistical Realities of the East Asian Growth Experience," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(3), pages 641-80, August.
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Cited by:
  1. Schalk, Hans Joachim, 2011. "Analysing growth and productivity in Syria by growth accounting," CAWM Discussion Papers 50, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM), University of Münster.
  2. Hans Joachim Schalk, . "Analysing Growth and Productivity in Syria by Growth Accounting," Working Papers 201176, Institute of Spatial and Housing Economics, Munster Universitary.

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