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On the Impact of Microcredit: Evidence from a Randomized Intervention in Rural Ethiopia

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  • Jaikishan Desai
  • Kristin Johnson
  • Alessandro Tarozzi

Abstract

We use data from a randomized controlled trial conducted in 2003-2006 in rural Amhara and Oromiya (Ethiopia) to study the impacts of the introduction of micro finance in treated communities. We document that borrowing increased substantially in locations where the programs started their operations, but we find mixed evidence of improvements in a number of socio-economic outcomes, including income from agriculture, animal husbandry, non-farm self-employment, schooling and indicators of women's empowerment.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Barcelona Graduate School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 741.

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Date of creation: Oct 2013
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Handle: RePEc:bge:wpaper:741

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Keywords: microcredit; cluster randomized controlled trial; Ethiopia;

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References

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  1. Joseph P. Kaboski & Robert M. Townsend, 2012. "The Impact of Credit on Village Economies," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 4(2), pages 98-133, April.
  2. Jaikishan Desai & Alessandro Tarozzi, 2011. "Microcredit, Family Planning Programs, and Contraceptive Behavior: Evidence From a Field Experiment in Ethiopia," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 48(2), pages 749-782, May.
  3. Karlan, Dean S. & Zinman, Jonathan, 2007. "Expanding Credit Access: Using Randomized Supply Decisions To Estimate the Impacts," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 6180, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Esther Duflo & Abhijit Banerjee & Rachel Glennerster & Cynthia G. Kinnan, 2013. "The Miracle of Microfinance? Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation," NBER Working Papers 18950, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Manuela Angelucci & Dean Karlan & Jonathan Zinman, 2013. "Win Some Lose Some? Evidence from a Randomized Microcredit Program Placement Experiment by Compartamos Banco," NBER Working Papers 19119, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Orazio Attanasio & Britta Augsburg & Ralph De Haas & Emla Fitzsimons & Heike Harmgart, 2011. "Group lending or individual lending? Evidence from a randomised field experiment in Mongolia," Working Papers, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist 136, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist.
  7. Manuela Angelucci, Dean Karlan, Jonathan Zinman, 2013. "Win Some Lose Some? Evidence from a Randomized Microcredit Program Placement Experiment by Compartamos Banco-Working Paper 330," Working Papers, Center for Global Development 330, Center for Global Development.
  8. Yongseok Shin & Joseph P. Kaboski & Francisco J. Buera, 2011. "Macroeconomics of Microfinance," 2011 Meeting Papers, Society for Economic Dynamics 545, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  9. Imbens, Guido W & Angrist, Joshua D, 1994. "Identification and Estimation of Local Average Treatment Effects," Econometrica, Econometric Society, Econometric Society, vol. 62(2), pages 467-75, March.
  10. de Mel, Suresh & McKenzie, David J. & Woodruff, Christopher, 2009. "Measuring microenterprise profits: Must we ask how the sausage is made?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 88(1), pages 19-31, January.
  11. Gibson, John & McKenzie, David & Stillman, Steven, 2009. "The Impacts of International Migration on Remaining Household Members: Omnibus Results from a Migration Lottery Program," IZA Discussion Papers 4375, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  12. Jonathan Morduch, 1999. "The Microfinance Promise," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1569-1614, December.
  13. Wydick, Bruce, 1999. "The Effect of Microenterprise Lending on Child Schooling in Guatemala," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47(4), pages 853-69, July.
  14. Abhijit Vinayak Banerjee, 2013. "Microcredit Under the Microscope: What Have We Learned in the Past Two Decades, and What Do We Need to Know?," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, Annual Reviews, vol. 5(1), pages 487-519, 05.
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Cited by:
  1. Manuela Angelucci & Dean Karlan & Jonathan Zinman, 2014. "Microcredit Impacts: Evidence from a Randomized Microcredit Program Placement Experiment by Compartamos Banco," NBER Working Papers 19827, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Bruno CREPON & Florencia DEVOTO & Esther DUFLO & William PARIENTE, 2014. "Estimating the impact of microcredit on those who take it up: Evidence from a randomized experiment in Morocco," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales), Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) 2014012, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  3. Dean Karlan & Adam Osman & Jonathan Zinman, 2013. "Follow the Money: Methods for Identifying Consumption and Investment Responses to a Liquidity Shock," Working Papers, Economic Growth Center, Yale University 1034, Economic Growth Center, Yale University.

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