What Do Women Do?: World Population Growth and Fertility Patterns, 1960-2000
AbstractIn this paper we attempt to describe the general picture reasons behind the world population explosion during the 20th century. In general we comment that if, according to some, at the end of the 20th century there were too many people, this was has a consequence of scientific innovation, circulation of information, and economic growth, leading to a dramatic improvement in life expectancies. Nevertheless, a crucial variable shaping differences in demographic growth is fertility. In this paper we identify as important exogenous variables affecting fertility female education levels, infant mortality, and racial identity and diversity. It is estimated that three additional years of schooling for mothers leads on average (at the world level ) to one child less per couple. Even if we can identify a worldwide trend towards convergence in demographic trends, the African case needs to be given more attention, not only because of its different demographic patterns, but also because this is the continent where the worldwide movement towards a higher quality of life has not yet been achieved for an important share of the worlds population.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Barcelona Graduate School of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 363.
Date of creation: Sep 2008
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Fertility; human capital; infant mortality; race; population growth;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
- J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
- J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
- N3 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy
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- Oded Galor & David N. Weil, 1993.
"The Gender Gap, Fertility, and Growth,"
NBER Working Papers
4550, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Galor, Oded & Weil, David N, 1996. "The Gender Gap, Fertility, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 374-87, June.
- Galor, Oded & Weil, David, 1995. "The Gender Gap, Fertility and Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 1157, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Moradi, Alexander & Baten, Joerg, 2005. "Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa: New Data and New Insights from Anthropometric Estimates," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1233-1265, August.
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