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Financial Constraints and Foreign Market Entries or Exits: Firm-Level Evidence from France

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Author Info

  • Askenazy, Ph.
  • Caldera, A.
  • Gaulier, G.
  • Irac, D.

Abstract

This paper studies the effect of credit constraints on the expansion and survival of firms in foreign markets. It develops a model in which, lower access to external finance, or reduced internal liquidity, hampers the firm ability to finance the recurrent costs to serve foreign markets and decreases firm survival in foreign markets. Additionally, financial constraints act as a barrier to firm export expansion by decreasing the firm ability to finance the entry costs into new export markets; thus, they push firm to avoid losing destinations. We use a unique longitudinal dataset on French firms that contains information on export destinations of individual firms and allows us to construct various firm-level measures of financial constraints to test these predictions. We obtain two main results. First, credit constraints have a negative effect on the number of newly served destinations. Second, higher probability of exit from the export market is also associated with credit constraints; that is consistent with constraints limiting the financing of recurrent export costs.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banque de France in its series Working papers with number 328.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:328

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Keywords: Firm heterogeneity; financial constraints; trade.;

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References

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  1. Bricongne, Jean-Charles & Fontagné, Lionel & Gaulier, Guillaume & Taglioni, Daria & Vicard, Vincent, 2012. "Firms and the global crisis: French exports in the turmoil," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 134-146.
  2. Aghion, P. & Askenazy, P. & Berman, N. & Cette, G. & Eymard, L., 2008. "Credit Constraints and the Cyclicality of R&D Investment: Evidence from France," Working papers 198, Banque de France.
  3. repec:pse:psecon:2008-26 is not listed on IDEAS
  4. repec:hal:cesptp:halshs-00321632 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Nicolas Berman & Jérôme Héricourt, 2008. "Financial factors and the margins of trade : evidence from cross-country firm-level data," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne bla08050, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  6. Andrei A. Levchenko & Logan Lewis & Linda L. Tesar, 2009. "The Collapse of International Trade During the 2008-2009 Crisis: In Search of the Smoking Gun," Working Papers 592, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
  7. Sanghamitra Das & Mark J. Roberts & James R. Tybout, 2001. "Market Entry Costs, Producer Heterogeneity, and Export Dynamics," NBER Working Papers 8629, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Christian Arndt & Claudia Buch & Anselm Mattes, 2009. "Barriers to Internationalization: Firm-Level Evidence from Germany," IAW Discussion Papers 52, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  9. Mary Amiti & David E. Weinstein, 2009. "Exports and Financial Shocks," NBER Working Papers 15556, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Flora Bellone & Patrick Musso & Lionel Nesta & Stefano Schiavo, 2010. "Financial Constraints and Firm Export Behaviour," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 33(3), pages 347-373, 03.
  11. Irac, D., 2008. "Access to new imported varieties and total factor productivity: Firm level evidence from France," Working papers 204, Banque de France.
  12. Vlad Manole & Mariana Spatareanu, 2009. "Exporting, Capital Investment and Financial Constraints," Working Papers Rutgers University, Newark 2009-005, Department of Economics, Rutgers University, Newark.
  13. Minetti, Raoul & Zhu, Susan Chun, 2011. "Credit constraints and firm export: Microeconomic evidence from Italy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(2), pages 109-125, March.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Felbermayr, Gabriel & Yalcin, Erdal, 2013. "Export credit guarantees and export performance: An empirical analysis for Germany," Munich Reprints in Economics 20348, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  2. Joachim Wagner, 2014. "Credit constraints and exports: evidence for German manufacturing enterprises," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(3), pages 294-302, January.
  3. Joachim Wagner, 2013. "Credit constraints and exports: A survey of empirical studies using firm level data," Working Paper Series in Economics 287, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  4. Michele Bernini & Sarah Guillou & Flora Bellone, 2013. "Firms' Leverage and Export Quality: Evidence from France," GREDEG Working Papers 2013-29, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
  5. Mawuli Segnon & Thomas Lux, 2013. "Multifractal Models in Finance: Their Origin, Propterties, and Applications," Kiel Working Papers 1860, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  6. Sarah Guillou & Michel Bernini & Flora Bellone, 2013. "Firms leverage and export quality evidence from France," Sciences Po publications 2013-13, Sciences Po.
  7. Görg, Holger & Spaliara, Marina-Eliza, 2013. "Export market exit, financial pressure and the crisis," CEPR Discussion Papers 9599, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Mirabelle Muûls, 2012. "Exporters, Importers and Credit Constraints," CEP Discussion Papers dp1169, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  9. Angelo Secchi & Federico Tamagni & Chiara Tomasi, 2012. "Exporting under Financial Constraints: Margins, Switching Dynamics and Prices," Development Working Papers 338, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 16 Jul 2012.
  10. Holger Görg & Marina-Eliza Spaliara, 2014. "Exporters in the Financial Crisis," Kiel Working Papers 1919, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  11. Mirabelle Muûls, 2012. "Exporters, importers and credit constraints," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 51516, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  12. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/f6h8764enu2lskk9p4sr364g4 is not listed on IDEAS

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