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Access to new imported varieties and total factor productivity: Firm level evidence from France

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Author Info

  • Irac, D.

Abstract

This paper aims at providing causal evidence on the effects of expanded imported varieties on total factor productivity (TFP) using French firm level data. Our strategy is to build an exact index of increase in varieties -using the Broda, Greenfield and Weinstein (2006) methodology. This index captures the impact of new varieties on total factor productivity within a Dixit-Stiglitz framework based on a Constant Elasticity of Substitution production function. We argue that measurement problems are central to the question we try to address. We deal with this issue using alternative instrumental variables strategies. First, we work with sectoral variety index in order to reduce the effect of outliers. Secondly, working with estimated bilateral imports rather than observed ones, we are able to adjust the variety index for measurement errors and find a strong impact of this index on TFP. New varieties that enter the production function appear as weakly substitutable- with an elasticity of substitution ranging from 1.25 and 1.5 - and conducive to significant TFP growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banque de France in its series Working papers with number 204.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bfr:banfra:204

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Postal: Banque de France 31 Rue Croix des Petits Champs LABOLOG - 49-1404 75049 PARIS
Web page: http://www.banque-france.fr/
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Related research

Keywords: Variety ; Trade ; Total Factor Productivity.;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Askenazy, Philippe & Caldera, Aida & Gaulier, Guillaume & Irac, Delphine, 2011. "Financial Constraints and Foreign Market Entries or Exits: Firm Level Evidence from France," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1112, CEPREMAP.

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