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The Impact of Competition on Technology Adoption: An Apples-to-PCs Analysis

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  • Adam Copeland
  • Adam Hale Shapiro

    (Bureau of Economic Analysis)

Abstract

We study the effect of market structure on a firm's decision to adopt a new tech- nology in the personal computer industry. This industry is unusual because there exists two horizontally segmented retail markets with different degrees of competition: the IBM compatible (or \PC") platform and the Apple platform. We first document that relative to Apple, producers of PCs have more frequent technology adoption, shorter product cycles, and steeper price declines over the product cycle. We then develop a parsimonious vintage-capital model which matches prices and sales of PC and Apple products. The model predicts that competition is the key driver of the rate at which technology is adopted.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Bureau of Economic Analysis in its series BEA Working Papers with number 0063.

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Date of creation: Aug 2010
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Handle: RePEc:bea:wpaper:0063

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  1. Brett Gordon & Ronald Goettler, 2010. "Does AMD spur Intel to innovate more?," 2010 Meeting Papers 151, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  2. Aamir Rafique Hashmi & Johannes Van Biesebroeck, 2010. "Market Structure and Innovation: A Dynamic Analysis of the Global Automobile Industry," NBER Working Papers 15959, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Philippe Aghion & Nicholas Bloom & Richard Blundell & Rachel Griffith & Peter Howitt, 2002. "Competition and Innovation: An Inverted U Relationship," NBER Working Papers 9269, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Severin Borenstein & Nancy L. Rose, 1995. "Competition and Price Dispersion in the U.S. Airline Industry," NBER Working Papers 3785, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Gilbert, Richard J & Newbery, David M G, 1982. "Preemptive Patenting and the Persistence of Monopoly," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 514-26, June.
  6. Ana Aizcorbe, 2005. "Moore's Law, Competition, and Intel's Productivity in the Mid-1990s," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 305-308, May.
  7. Tim Erickson & Ariel Pakes, 2011. "An Experimental Component Index for the CPI: From Annual Computer Data to Monthly Data on Other Goods," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(5), pages 1707-38, August.
  8. Ana Aizcorbe & Samuel Kortum, 2004. "Moore's Law and the Semiconductor Industry: A Vintage Model," Industrial Organization 0412008, EconWPA.
  9. Kristopher S. Gerardi & Adam Hale Shapiro, 2009. "Does Competition Reduce Price Dispersion? New Evidence from the Airline Industry," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 117(1), pages 1-37, 02.
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Cited by:
  1. Rui Castro & Gian Luca Clementi & Yoonsoo Lee, 2011. "Cross-Sectoral Variation in The Volatility of Plant-Level Idiosyncratic Shocks," NBER Working Papers 17659, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Adam Hale Shapiro & Ana Aizcorbe, 2010. "Implications of Consumer Heterogeneity on Price Measures for Technology Goods," BEA Working Papers 0062, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
  3. Slivko, Olga, 2012. "Direct and indirect subsidies in markets with system goods in the presence of externalities. Preliminary version," Working Papers 2072/211631, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.

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