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Peers Effects on a Fertility Decision: an Application for Medellín Colombia

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  • Leonardo Morales

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Abstract

This paper addresses the estimation of peer group effects on a fertility decision. The peer group is composed of neighbors with similar socio-demographic characteristics. In order to deal with the endogeneity problem associated to the estimation of neighborhood effects, an instrumental variables procedure is performed. To control for the reflection problem, usual in linear effects models, this paper uses an identification strategy that relies on the definition of peer groups at the individual level. This paper provides evidence that peer effects explain the age at which poor women in Medellín (Colombia) decide to have their firstborn. These social forces are hazardous factors that may increase the incidence of adolescent pregnancy..

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 777.

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Length: 37
Date of creation: Aug 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:777

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Keywords: Fertility; Family Planning; Demographic Economics; Social Interaction Models. Classification JEL: J13; J130; C310;

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References

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  1. Giacomo De Giorgi & Michele Pellizzari & Silvia Redaelli, 2010. "Identification of Social Interactions through Partially Overlapping Peer Groups," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 241-75, April.
  2. Marcela Meléndez Arjona & Camila Casas & Pablo Medina, 2004. "Subsidios al Consumo de los servicios Públicos en Colombia ¿Hacia Donde Movernos?," INFORMES DE INVESTIGACIÓN 003529, FEDESARROLLO.
  3. Carlos Medina & Leonardo Morales, 2006. "Stratification and Public Utility Services in Colombia: Subsidies to Households or Distortions on Housing Prices?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003528, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  4. V. Joseph Hotz & Susan Williams McElroy & Seth G. Sanders, 1999. "Teenage Childbearing and Its Life Cycle Consequences: Exploiting a Natural Experiment," JCPR Working Papers, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research 157, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
  5. Alejandro Gaviria & Carlos Medina & Leonardo Morales & Jairo Nuñez, . "The Cost of Avoiding Crime: The Case of Bogotá," Borradores de Economia 508, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  6. Cutler, David M & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Are Ghettos Good or Bad?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 112(3), pages 827-72, August.
  7. Evans, William N & Oates, Wallace E & Schwab, Robert M, 1992. "Measuring Peer Group Effects: A Study of Teenage Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(5), pages 966-91, October.
  8. Gary S. Becker, 1981. "A Treatise on the Family," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number beck81-1.
  9. Henderson, Vernon & Mieszkowski, Peter & Sauvageau, Yvon, 1978. "Peer group effects and educational production functions," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 97-106, August.
  10. Iyer, S. & Weeks, M., 2009. "Social Interactions, Ethnicity and Fertility in Kenya," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge 0903, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  11. Hans-Peter Kohler & Jere Behrman & Susan Watkins, 2001. "The density of social networks and fertility decisions: evidence from south nyanza district, kenya," Demography, Springer, Springer, vol. 38(1), pages 43-58, February.
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Cited by:
  1. Carlos Medina & Christian Posso & Jorge Andrés Tamayo, 2011. "Costos de la violencia urbana y políticas públicas: algunas lecciones de Medellín," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 009076, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.

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