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Mercado Actual de la Gasolina y del ACPM en Colombia e Inflación

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  • Hernán Rincón

    ()

  • Aaron Garavito

    ()

Abstract

El objetivo del documento es realizar un análisis descriptivo del mercado de los combustibles en el país, en particular de la gasolina y el ACPM, de la política de precios, los subsidios y los efectos inflacionarios de su desmonte parcial en 2004. De acuerdo al mercado internacional de combustibles, Colombia es uno de los países con los precios y los impuestos más bajo del mundo. Se estima que los subsidios de ECOPETROl al consumo de combustibles le han costado anualmente a la empresa alrededor del 1% del PIB en los últimos cinco años. Si se tienen en cuenta los impuestos al consumo de dichos bienes cobrados por los diferentes niveles de la administración pública, el subsidio real recibido por los consumidores se reduce considerablemente, inclusive al punto de convertirse para algunos años en un verdadero impuesto. Se estima que un incremento en los precios de la gasolina y el ACPM del 20% en 2004 implican una inflación adicional de 0.54%, 0.44% proveniente de la gasolina y 0.1% del ACPM.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 287.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:287

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Keywords: Estructura de Mercado; Política de Precios; Precio de Paridad de Importación; Subsidio; Inflación.;

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  1. Gerd Schwartz & Réjane Hugounenq & Benedict J. Clements, 1995. "Government Subsidies," IMF Working Papers 95/91, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Schwartz, Gerd & Clements, Benedict, 1999. " Government Subsidies," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(2), pages 119-47, April.
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Cited by:
  1. Elizeth Ramos Oyola & Maria Victoria Cárdenas Londoño & David Tobón Orozco, 2006. "Perspectiva Económica sobre la demanda de combustibles en Antioquia," BORRADORES DEL CIE 004187, UNIVERSIDAD DE ANTIOQUIA - CIE.
  2. World Bank, 2012. "Assessing the Impact of Higher Oil Prices in Latin America," World Bank Other Operational Studies 11889, The World Bank.

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