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Testable Restrictions on the Equilibrium Manifold under Random Preferences

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  • Andrés Carvajal

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General equilibrium theory was criticized for its apparent irrefutability, as seemingly implied by the Sonnenschein-Mantel-Debreu theorem. This view was challenged by Brown and Matzkin (1996), who showed the existence of testable restrictions on the equilibrium manifold. Brown and Matzkin, however, maintain the assumption that individual preferences are invariant (against psychological evidence). I consider the Brown- Matzkin problem under random preferences: for each profile of endowments one observes a distribution of prices; does there exist a probability distribution of preferences that explains the observed distributions of prices via Walrasian equilibria? I argue that even under random utilities general equilibrium theory is falsifiable.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 233.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:233

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  1. DEBREU, Gérard, . "Economies with a finite set of equilibria," CORE Discussion Papers RP -67, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. Rosa L. Matzkin & Marcel K. Richter, 1987. "Testing Strictly Concave Rationality," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 844, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  3. Andrés Carvajal, . "Testable Restrictions of General Equilibrium Theory in Exchange Economies with Externalities," Borradores de Economia 231, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  4. Allen, B., 1985. "Continuous random selections from the equilibrium correspondence," CORE Discussion Papers 1985020, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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  7. DEBREU, Gérard, . "Smooth preferences," CORE Discussion Papers RP -132, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  8. Sonnenschein, Hugo, 1973. "Do Walras' identity and continuity characterize the class of community excess demand functions?," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 345-354, August.
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  14. Krebs, Tom, 2004. "Testable implications of consumption-based asset pricing models with incomplete markets," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1-2), pages 191-206, February.
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  17. Brown, Donald J & Matzkin, Rosa L, 1996. "Testable Restrictions on the Equilibrium Manifold," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(6), pages 1249-62, November.
  18. P.A. Chiappori & I. Ekeland & F. Kubler & H.M. Polemarchakis, 2002. "Testable Implications of General Equilibrium Theory: a differentiable approach," Working Papers 2002-10, Brown University, Department of Economics.
  19. P. A. Chiappori & I. Ekeland, 1999. "Aggregation and Market Demand: An Exterior Differential Calculus Viewpoint," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(6), pages 1435-1458, November.
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  22. repec:fth:louvco:2000/24 is not listed on IDEAS
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Cited by:
  1. Laurens CHERCHYE & Thomas DEMUYNCK & Bram DE ROCK, 2009. "Testable implications of general equilibrium models: an integer programming approach," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers ces09.14, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
  2. Andrés Carvajal, 2004. "Testable Restrictions of General Equilibrium Theory in Exchange Economies with Externalities," Royal Holloway, University of London: Discussion Papers in Economics 04/28, Department of Economics, Royal Holloway University of London, revised Nov 2004.
  3. Andrés Carvajal & John Quah, 2009. "A Nonparametric Analysis of the Cournot Model," Economics Papers 2009-W15, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
  4. Christian Schwarz & Uwe Stroinski, 2009. "Is there a Walrasian Equilibrium in Exchange Markets with Endowment Effect?," Ruhr Economic Papers 0082, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  5. Andrés Carvajal, 2010. "The testable implications of competitive equilibrium in economies with externalities," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 349-378, October.

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