LÂ’introduzione dellÂ’euro e la divergenza tra infl azione rilevata e percepita
AbstractFollowing the introduction of euro banknotes and coins many Italians perceived a much sharper increase in the price level than the moderate rise registered by the National Institute of Statistics. The paper shows that the apparent contradiction between the publicÂ’s perceptions and officially measured inflation stems mainly from the fact that the former often refer to phenomena not captured by the inflation rate calculated for the average basket of goods and services for the whole population. The rise in perceived inflation can be largely explained by the generally stronger influence that large, upward, and frequently observed price movements exert on consumersÂ’ perceptions, together with the actual behaviour of prices in the period following the currency changeover, which saw many price changes, with larger increases for the more frequently purchased products and exceptional rises for some items. The reciprocal influence between inflation perceptions and the mediaÂ’s unusually extensive coverage of price developments on the occasion of the changeover also appears to have been important. Lastly, the perception of a substantial loss of purchasing power, especially on the part of the least-well-off households, can be traced to economic phenomena that do not bear directly on official inflation but which it is hard for households to consider separately, such as the evolution of incomes and increases in the price of housing, not included in the official index.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) with number 532.
Date of creation: Dec 2004
Date of revision:
inflazione; euro; percezioni;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
- D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
- A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
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