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The Italian port system: a survey on competitiveness and development factors

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  • Enrico Beretta

    ()
    (Bank of Italy, Branch of Genoa, Research Office)

  • Alessandra Dalle Vacche

    ()
    (Bank of Italy, Branch of Genoa, Research Office)

  • Andrea Migliardi

    ()
    (Bank of Italy, Branch of Genoa, Research Office)

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    Abstract

    Between 2003 and 2007 the volume of container traffic handled by the national port system increased only slightly despite the strong growth of maritime traffic in the Mediterranean Sea. This was due both to national economic stagnation and to the inability of the ports to extend their operational area further afield because of the lack of good port and land infrastructure. This paper aims to investigate these issues on the basis of a survey of the national agents of the main global shipping companies. The main weaknesses in competitiveness regard land infrastructure; other problems involve inefficiencies in national ports’ activities and insufficient infrastructure. National logistics and the supply chain are fragmented compared with the integrated systems of other countries. In the opinion of the shipping agents, in addition to improvements in infrastructure, it is necessary to liberalize rail transportation and to modernize port governance, especially by reducing red tape and granting wider financial autonomy to the port authorities.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area in its series Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) with number 39.

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    Date of creation: Feb 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:bdi:opques:qef_39_09

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    Keywords: ports; logistics; transport infrastructure;

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